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friday, june 4, 1999

NAPSNet: International Agreements

This page provides links to international agreements pertaining to Northeast Asia security issues. The documents are listed in reverse chronological order, with the most recent document listed first.

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US-DPRK Joint Communique

    October 12, 2000: On October 12, 2000, the US Department of State distributed the following Joint US- DPRK Communique. The two sides agreed that improved relations were needed to ensure peace between North and South Korea and in the Asia-Pacific region. They also reaffirmed the principles of the Agreed Framework and the DPRK said it will not launch long- range missiles of any kind while talks on the missile issue continue.

US-ROK Joint Communique

    September 25, 2000: On September 21, 2000, the 32nd US-ROK Security Consultative Meeting released the text of the US-ROK Joint Communique.


US-Japan Guidelines Text

    September 24, 1997: On September 23, 1997, the US-Japan Security Consultative Committee (SCC) released the text of the US-Japan Defense Cooperation. The Guidelines called for the establishment of a comprehensive planning mechanism, a revision of the SDC's membership, and the intensification of information and intelligence sharing and policy consultations between the two countries.

Final Communique Of The Denver Summit Of The Eight (Excerpts)

    June 22, 1997: The Final Communiqué of the Denver Summit of the Eight includes declarations on nuclear safety; non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament (including items on fissile material control, the CTBT, the NPT, the Start process, and the DPRK); export control regimes; and anti-personnel landmines. A DPRK-related excerpt, and DPRK-related comments by US President Bill Clinton following the summit, were included in the June 23 Daily Report.


Supply Agreement Signed by KEDO and the DPRK

    December 15, 1995: The Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) and the DPRK signed an agreement on the supply of light water reactor (LWR) technology to the DPRK in accordance with the 1994 US-DPRK Agreed Framework. KEDO will finance the project previously approved by the US and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In return the DPRK will agree to freeze its graphite moderated reactors, allow the IAEA to resume ad hoc and routine inspections of facilities, and will remain a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Joint US-DPRK Press Statement

    June 13, 1995: The US and the DPRK reaffirmed their commitment to the 1994 Agreed Framework and the light water reactor (LWR) project. Both countries agreed that the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO), under US leadership, will finance and supply the LWR project, and the US will act as the principal point of contact with the DPRK for the LWR project. The Ulchin 3-4 reactor will be the reference plant for the LWR project, and the prime contractor will be a firm from the ROK.

Agreement on the Establishment of KEDO

    March 9, 1995: The Governments of the ROK, Japan, and the US established the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization in order finance and execute the projects stipulated in the 1994 Agreed Framework. KEDO will provide for the financing and supply of a light water reactor (LWR) project in the DPRK consisting of two reactors of the standard Korean model. KEDO will also provide interim energy alternatives in lieu of the energy from the DPRK's graphite moderated reactors pending construction of the first LWR unit.


Agreed Framework Between the US and the DPRK

    October 21, 1994: The US and the DPRK reached an agreement toward resolving nuclear issues on the Korean peninsula. The "Agreed Framework" furthers the objectives of the August 12, 1994 Agreed Statement and the June 11, 1993 Joint Statement of the US and the DPRK. Under the Agreed Framework, the US will organize an international consortium to finance and supply the DPRK with light water reactor (LWR) power plants. In return, the DPRK agrees to freeze its graphite moderated reactors and eventually dismantle them, with the US supplying heavy oil as an alternative energy source until the LWR power plants are built. Both parties also agreed to move toward full normalization of political and economic relations, peace and security on a nuclear free Korean Peninsula, and maintenance of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.


Korean Armistice Agreement, 1953

    July 27, 1953: An armistice agreement ending hostilities on the Korean peninsula was signed by the Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command, the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, and the Commander of the Chinese People's volunteers. The agreement established a demilitarized zone (DMZ) extending two kilometers on either side of the military demarcation line, with restrictions on the amount and type of personnel traveling through or within the DMZ. The agreement called for achievement of a final political peace settlement to be reached through high-level conferences.

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