NAPSNet Daily Report
monday, june 28, 1999

I. United States

II. Republic of Korea III. Nautilus Positions Available
Latest Policy Forum:
The Kumchangni Inspection and Perry's Visit to North Korea

Bulletin of Atomic Scientists Cover Story on DPRK Windpower Project

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I. United States

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1. US Policy toward DPRK

Reuters (Jean Yoon, "NORTH KOREA STILL EVALUATING U.S. PROPOSALS -ENVOY," Seoul, 06/26/99) reported that US special envoy Charles Kartman arrived in Seoul on Friday to brief ROK officials on his two-day talks with DPRK officials in Beijing. Kartman said Saturday that the DPRK was still considering a package of proposals presented during last month's visit by US DPRK policy coordinator William Perry. He added that the US and the ROK "both feel that this is a period in which there seems to be a lot going on in respective dialogue with North Korea and we'll try to make sure that they are complimentary to each other."

The Washington Post (Steven Mufson, "U.S. OFFERING NORTH KOREA A CHOICE OF PATHWAYS: CONFLICT OR CALM," 06/26/99, A22) reported that US officials said that US special envoy William J. Perry, during his recent trip to the DPRK, outlined two "pathways to the future," one leading to confrontation, the other toward a diplomatic normalization. However, Chuck Downs, a foreign policy adviser to Republicans in the US House of Representatives, said that the DPRK will "never have a policy of cooperation with the outside world. They exist to have nothing but a policy of confrontation." Nicholas Eberstadt, a visiting fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, called the DPRK's foreign policy "military extortion." Se-il Park, a professor at Seoul National University who was a senior adviser to former ROK president Kim Young-sam, argued, "The current engagement policy helps the survival of the current leadership, which is fighting against its own people." US administration officials said that engagement with the DPRK is the only responsible policy, because the DPRK could develop nuclear weapons faster than the US could induce reform in the DPRK. An unnamed senior administration official warned that "history teaches us that such regimes do not go quietly in the night." The official added that experts believe that the DPRK regime "is not in danger of imminent collapse." Another administration official stated, "Our major concerns with North Korea are not how it governs itself domestically, but how it behaves internationally and its capacity to do damage some distance from its borders. We want to induce responsible behavior in return for benefits from the United States at the political level." One official involved in the policy review stressed that Perry's report does not favor new financial or aid commitments by the US. The official stated, "Buying them out is equivalent to blackmail. That sets a bad precedent, and this administration couldn't deliver anyway." A senior administration official stated, "Anything put on the table would be more for more, not less for less." An unnamed former administration official said that policymakers are looking for a new approach because 50 years of isolating the DPRK have accomplished little. He stated, "Perry wants to co-opt and modify behavior by incentives. Many would argue that ostracism has been the main prop of regimes like North Korea and Cuba because they can blame everything on the beastly Americans."

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2. Underground Construction Site

US Department of State Spokesman James P. Rubin ("U.S. CONCLUDES NORTH KOREA UNDERGROUND SITE NOT NUCLEAR," Washington, USIA Text, 06/25/99) issued a statement on the May 18-24 visit of a US Department of State team traveled to the DPRK to inspect the underground facility at Kumchangri. The statement said, "Throughout the visit, the DPRK provided the U.S. delegation with good cooperation. The U.S. delegation was permitted to conduct all activities previously agreed to under the March 16, 1999 U.S.-DPRK agreement which permitted the U.S. access to the site at Kumchang-ni. Those activities included measuring the dimensions of all underground areas at the main complex, videotaping those areas, and photographing agreed above-ground facilities supporting the site at Kumchang-ni.... The U.S. delegation saw no evidence of DPRK efforts to conceal any portion of the facility." The statement added, "Excavation of the complex, as currently configured, was almost complete but a great deal of additional finishing work remained to be done with almost all of the tunnels still bare rock. Moreover, there was no indication that equipment was ever installed at this location." It said, "Based on the evidence gathered by the U.S. delegation and a subsequent review of that evidence by U.S. technical experts, we have reached the following conclusions.... -- The site at Kumchang-ni does not contain a plutonium production reactor or reprocessing plant, either completed or under construction. -- Given the current size and configuration of the underground area, the site is unsuitable for the installation of a plutonium production reactor, especially a graphite-moderated reactor of the type North Korea has built at Yongbyon. -- The site is also not well designed for a reprocessing plant. Nevertheless, since the site is a large underground area, it could support such a facility in the future with substantial modifications. -- At this point in time the U.S. cannot rule out the possibility that the site was intended for other nuclear-related uses although it does not appear to be currently configured to support any large industrial nuclear functions. Based on the data gathered by the U.S. delegation and the subsequent technical review, the U.S. has concluded that, at present, the underground site at Kumchang-ni does not violate the 1994 U.S.-DPRK Agreed Framework. New construction of graphite-moderated reactors and related facilities in the DPRK would be a violation of the Framework.... As agreed between the U.S. and DPRK in the March 16 document, the next U.S. visit to the site at Kumchang-ni will take place in May 2000 and will include examining its feasibility for commercial use."

Reuters (Jean Yoon, "NORTH KOREA STILL EVALUATING U.S. PROPOSALS -ENVOY," Seoul, 06/26/99) reported that US special envoy Charles Kartman said Saturday that the US inspection of the underground site at Kumchangri was "very successful." He added, "We do not know every single fact there is to know about North Korean intentions at Kumchangri, and because there are still some small areas that require follow-up we have every intention of continuing with the visit in May 2000."

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3. US Citizen Arrested in DPRK

US State Department Spokesman (James Rubin, "STATE DEPARTMENT NOON BRIEFING, JUNE 25, 1999," USIA Transcript, 06/28/99) said that the DPRK government has confirmed to Swedish authorities, who are the US protecting power in the DPRK, that a US citizen was arrested on June 17 in the Rajin Sonbong area. Rubin stated, "The American is being investigated for alleged violations of law. The Swedish consulate in DPRK has requested consular access under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and the Interim Consular Agreement between the US and the DPRK. We do not have a Privacy Act release from the individual, and therefore are unable to provide additional details."

The Associated Press ("S.KOREA WARNS N.KOREA ON TOURISTS," Seoul, 06/26/99) reported that the ROK's Yonhap news agency quoted unnamed sources as identifying the US citizen detained in the DPRK as Karen Han, 58, a Korean-American businesswoman operating out of Beijing. The report said that Han is married to a retired US military general.

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4. US-ROK-Japan Policy Coordination Talks

Reuters ("U.S., ALLIES CONCLUDE NORTH KOREA TALKS," Washington, 06/27/99) reported that US, Japanese, and ROK officials on Saturday concluded two days of talks of the Trilateral Coordination and Oversight Group to coordinate their policies toward the DPRK. US State Department spokesman James Rubin stated, "the three delegations renewed their commitment to continue close coordination of their policy approaches to the DPRK." He added that they also "expressed the hope that the DPRK will respond positively to the concepts ... outlined to the DPRK last month."

US State Department Spokesman (James Rubin, "STATE DEPARTMENT NOON BRIEFING, JUNE 25, 1999," USIA Transcript, 06/28/99) said that US State Department Counselor Wendy Sherman led the US delegation to the DPRK policy coordination meeting, while the ROK side was led by Deputy Foreign Minister Jang and the Japanese by Director General Kato. Rubin stated, "The talks are not intended to specifically address any current situation. They are aimed at continuing the policy coordination among the parties. That doesn't mean that issues don't arise, but that's not their principal function."

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5. ROK-DPRK Talks

The Associated Press (Tara Suilen Duffy, "N. KOREA WANTS APOLOGY FROM SOUTH," Beijing, 06/26/99) reported that DPRK and ROK officials met for nearly two hours on Saturday in Beijing. DPRK state media said that the DPRK insisted that the ROK apologize for a naval skirmish in the Yellow Sea before it will conclude any agreements. The DPRK delegates added that even if an agreement was reached on reunions of separated families, the "strained situation" caused by the naval confrontation would make it difficult to implement. The two sides agreed to meet again on Thursday. ROK Vice Unification Minister Yang Young-shik told the DPRK negotiators at the start of Saturday's session, "It was regrettable about the arrest of the [ROK] tourist. I welcome her safe return to South Korea. I hope that such incidents will not be repeated." Yang said afterwards that during the session, the ROK presented a plan for family reunions and the DPRK said it would consider it. The ROK's Yonhap news agency reported that the plan offered that each side exchange delegations of 50 to 100 separated family members to each other's capital on a regular basis beginning this coming fall. Before the meeting, DPRK chief negotiator Pak Yong-su stated, "I hope these talks will bear fruit and produce good results. We should repay our peoples' anticipation and hope."

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6. ROK-DPRK Naval Confrontation

The Associated Press ("N.KOREA WARNS S.KOREA OF RETALIATION," Seoul, 06/27/99) reported that the DPRK's Korean Central News Agency on Sunday quoted a newspaper commentary as threatening retaliation for what it called the ROK's reckless military provocations. The commentary stated, "There is a limit to our patience and self- restraint. Unlimited is our merciless retaliation against provocateurs and aggressors." [Ed. note: This article was included in the US Department of Defense's Early Bird news service for June 28.]

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7. ROK-DPRK Economic Cooperation

The Associated Press ("S.KOREA WARNS N.KOREA ON TOURISTS," Seoul, 06/26/99) reported that ROK Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil on Saturday said that a meeting of cabinet ministers decided to halt all business ventures with the DPRK until it guarantees the safety of ROK visitors. An ROK government news release stated, "When we pursue business projects in the North from now on, the safety of our citizens will be the top priority."

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8. Alleged DPRK Prison Camps

The Associated Press (George Gedda, "KOREAS STILL TENSE 49 YEARS LATER," Washington, 06/25/99) reported that the US State Department two months ago vetoed a proposed Voice of America editorial that would have called attention to "deplorable" conditions at DPRK prison camps. The editorial was to have been aired two weeks before a US team was due to inspect an underground site at Kumchangri. The State Department notation rejecting the editorial said, "Timing is not good."

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9. DPRK Defectors

The Associated Press ("DEFECTORS RESCUED IN YELLOW SEA," Seoul, 06/28/99) and Reuters ("S.KOREA INVESTIGATES TWO N.KOREA DEFECTORS," Seoul, 06/27/99) reported that ROK intelligence officials said that the ROK navy on Monday rescued today two DPRK defectors and two Chinese drifting aboard a small wooden boat in the Yellow Sea. The DPRK nationals were identified as army Sergeant First Class Lee Kyong-soo and Chu Seung-kyu, a driver. ROK officials said that both are from a region near the DPRK border with the PRC. ROK National Intelligence Service officials said that the unidentified Chinese appeared to be guides. Both DPRK defectors told investigators that they faced charges of spying for the ROK, and that they left a PRC port on Saturday to defect.

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10. DPRK-Japan Relations

Agence France-Presse ("N. KOREA REJECTS JAPAN'S CAMPAIGN AGAINST MISSILE DEVELOPMENT," Tokyo, 06/27/99) reported that the DPRK's Rodong Sinmun, in an article carried by Korean Central News Agency on Sunday, criticized Japan for calling on the international community to back its campaign against the DPRK's suspected missile development. The report said, "More than once Japan asked others to meddle in the outstanding issues between the DPRK and Japan. It has not yet broken with the bad habit. We consider this humiliating diplomacy as a foolish act reminiscent of a drowning man catching at a straw." The report added, "We flatly reject what others say, if it violates our sovereignty and if it offends us. Our dignity and sovereignty remain unchanged, not affected by what a big country or a small country says."

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11. PRC-Taiwan Talks

Reuters (Benjamin Kang Lim, "CHINA, TAIWAN NEGOTIATORS AGREE TO LANDMARK VISIT," Beijing, 06/28/99) and the Associated Press (Tara Suilen Duffy, "TAIWAN, CHINA SEEK TO RESTART TALKS," Beijing, 06/28/99) reported that Jan Jyh-horng, deputy secretary-general of Taiwan's Straits Exchange Foundation, said that PRC and Taiwan negotiators agreed Monday that Wang Daohan, chairman of the PRC's semi-official Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, will visit Taiwan from either September 12-19 or October 12-19. Jan said that the PRC side has yet to decide dates, but the visit was more likely to be in mid-October. Jan stated, "It'll help Mr. Wang understand Taiwan. Mr. Wang's Taiwan visit will be the most important event in relations between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait in 50 years." The two sides agreed that the PRC would send an advance delegation to Taiwan in late August or early September to prepare Wang's trip. Jan said Saturday that his foundation may arrange a meeting between Wang and several of Taiwan's presidential candidates if all sides are willing. Jan also said that "political obstacles" to the resumption of lower-level talks had been removed. His PRC counterpart, Li Yafei, said however that "political differences" remained. Li accused Taiwan of treating illegal immigrants from the PRC "badly."

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12. Taiwan Ascension to WTO

The Los Angeles Times (Evelyn Iritani, "TAIWAN FEELING PAIN OF CHINA'S TIFF WITH WTO," Taipei, 06/27/99) reported that Taiwan hopes to have fulfilled its requirements to join the World Trade Organization (WTO) by the end of July, but is unlikely to gain admission before the PRC does. The WTO is expected to approve tougher rules for entry in this November's ministerial meeting in Seattle. Henry Yang, a director in Taiwan's Board of Foreign Trade, stated, "We don't want to be a bystander. We are more than qualified to join this organization." Richard Bush, managing director of the American Institute in Taiwan, stated, "Our formal position is when Taiwan is ready, it should get in." An anonymous US official added, "The question is, what lengths will Beijing go to block Taiwan and who else will support them?"

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13. US-PRC Relations

The Associated Press (Charles Hutzler, "CHINA, U.S. HOPE TO MEND FENCES," Beijing, 06/25/99) reported that PRC Assistant Foreign Minister Wang Yi and US envoy Charles Kartman met Thursday night at a banquet at the PRC Foreign Ministry to discuss the Korean peninsula. An unnamed guest to the banquet said that NATO's bombing of the PRC Embassy in Yugoslavia was mentioned once, but only to discuss the DPRK's reaction. Analysts said that the meeting demonstrated that the US and the PRC are not ignoring practical matters in their relationship despite the bombing incident. The PRC, however, asked the US Embassy not to publicize the meeting. Jin Canrong at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences stated, "China's main goal remains modernization, and it must cooperate with the United States and the Western community. There is no other way."

The Los Angeles Times (Henry Chu, "A CRASH COURSE IN CHINA ENDS IN A CLIFFHANGER FOR A DIPLOMATIC NOVICE," 06/27/99) carried an interview with outgoing US Ambassador to the PRC James Sasser. Sasser stated, "During the three and a half years of my tenure here, President Bill Clinton, President Jiang [Zemin], Vice President [Al] Gore and Premier Zhu [Rongji] have built bridges between China and the U.S. that will make it much easier to resume a normal and productive relationship than it was prior to my arrival here." He added, "The news of this [embassy] bombing, which frankly was hyped to some extent by the Chinese government, ignited a nationalist sentiment in China, particularly among students, which was surprising." He also stated, "I am very doubtful the Chinese government will ever officially acknowledge that this bombing was a mistake on the part of the US. But I'm confident that many leaders in the governmental sector and in intellectual-academic circles in China will acknowledge privately and do understand that it was accidental.... Important leaders never felt this bombing was the result of a policy decision of the U.S. government. But there was a widespread feeling that this was caused by some rogue element in the U.S. government, and that feeling was bolstered by what the Chinese perceived to be principally false or distorted accusations made in the Cox report." Sasser argued, "A strategic partnership is not only possible, but highly probable over the next decade, for a lot of reasons. One, the economies of China and the U.S. are mutually complementary.... China and the U.S. have a mutual interest in a stable and secure Asia." He added, "there is also developing in China a group of younger leaders who are going to be able to carry on in the not-too-distant future. They're more able, better-educated.... When their time comes, they'll be able to move forward." Sasser noted, "Rather than being a militaristic, expansive power and pushing out, in modern Chinese history of the last few centuries, the Chinese turn inward and take their frustration and anger out upon themselves. But having said that, I think that China is moving in the direction of political liberalization and of democracy, although not perhaps along the Western model or the American model." He argued, "It appears to me that the goal of the Chinese government is not to become the preeminent power in Asia at the present time but to build an economy that makes it one of the preeminent economic powers in Asia and, perhaps, in the world. Following from that economic strength, certainly China could emerge as the preeminent power in Asia. My sense is that what the Chinese want, rather than being the dominant power, is to be a power that is respected and whose wishes are taken into consideration by the other great powers."

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14. PRC Missile Test

The Washington Times (Bill Gertz, "CHINA READY TO TEST NEW MISSILE," 06/28/99, 1) reported that unnamed US intelligence officials said that the PRC is making final preparations to test fire the road-mobile DF-31 intercontinental ballistic missile. Officials said that they were viewing the signs of an impending missile test with caution because an earlier test firing set for December was canceled, possibly to wait for warmer weather. A classified 1996 report by the Air Force's National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC) stated, "The DF-31 ICBM will give China a major strike capability that will be difficult to counterattack at any stage of its operation. It will be a significant threat not only to U.S. forces deployed in the Pacific theater, but to portions of the continental United States and to many of our allies." [Ed. note: This article was one of the top stories in the US Department of Defense's Early Bird news service for June 28.]

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15. US Forces in Japan

The Associated Press ("JAPAN TO RETAIN U.S. MILITARY BASE," Tokyo, 06/28/99) reported that Japanese Foreign Minister Masahiko Komura on Monday rejected a request by Tokyo Mayor Shintaro Ishihara to push the US to return Yokota Air Base. An anonymous Foreign Ministry official quoted Komura as telling Ishihara, "The government does not intend to request the return, or joint civilian use, of the Yokota military base." The official said that Komura stressed the importance of the base to Japan's security and to its alliance with the US.

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16. Kashmir Conflict

The Associated Press (Krishnan Guruswamy, "PAKISTAN, INDIA SEEK END TO BATTLE," Kargil, 06/28/99) reported that the Indian Foreign Ministry said Monday that former Pakistani Foreign Secretary Niaz Naik came to New Delhi on Sunday to follow up on telephone conversations between Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Vajpayee told a meeting of political parties, however, that the contacts with the Pakistani envoy were not a softening of India's stance against negotiations on Kashmir. Vajpayee stated, "There will be no further dialogue so long as the incursions continue. We are making no secret deals and no further proposals or mediation by third countries will be accepted." US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Gibson Lanpher met Indian officials in New Delhi on Sunday after a visit to Islamabad, where he accompanied US Marine General Anthony Zinni. Lanpher denied reports that he had carried a proposal from Pakistan to allow an "exit corridor" to Muslim guerrillas if they retreated.

The Associated Press ("PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER CUTS SHORT TRIP TO CHINA," Beijing, 06/28/99) reported that Pakistani Foreign Ministry spokesman Tariq Altaf said Monday that Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif cut short a planned five-day visit to the "because of the situation back home." Sharif had held talks with PRC Premier Zhu Rongji and on Tuesday was to meet with President Jiang Zemin and legislative chairman Li Peng.

Reuters ("INDIA SEEN VIOLATING PAKISTANI AIRSPACE," Islamabad, 06/28/99) reported that Pakistan army sources said on Monday that India's air force violated Pakistani airspace in Kashmir. One source stated, "There was an air violation. But I don't know the exact location."

II. Republic of Korea

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1. ROK Policy toward DPRK

Chosun Ilbo (Kim In-ku, "NO FAMILIES, NO FERTILIZER: KIM," Seoul, 06/28/99) reported that at a Saturday meeting with the American Foreign Affairs Associations that included former US ambassador to the ROK James Laney, ROK President Kim Dae-jung said that the DPRK had promised to go ahead with the project for meetings for displaced families. Kim added that if the DPRK did not carry out this pledge, no more fertilizer would be shipped. Kim went on to say that the DPRK wanted ROK businesses to invest there, but for this to happen, agreements had to be signed by the two governments and safety guarantees enforced. Kim said that the ROK government would be flexible in its negotiations and would not insist on them as a prerequisite.

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2. DPRK-ROK Talks

The Korea Herald (Shin Yong-bae, "SEOUL, P'YANG TO RESUME TALKS ON REUNIONS JULY 1," Beijing, 06/27/99) and The Korea Times ("2 KOREAS ENTER STAGE OF DIALOGUE," Seoul, 06/27/99) reported that the first inter-Korean governmental talks in 14 months ended without progress on Saturday, with both sides agreeing to meet again on July 1. In the second round of talks, ROK negotiators pressed the DPRK to agree to the proposals concerning family reunions made in the previous session. The proposals include allowing the exchange of letters between separated families and confirmation of whether or not their relatives are still alive. The DPRK delegation gave no clear answers, reiterating its earlier position that the ROK should offer an apology for the recent navy clash on the West Sea. Sources close to the ROK delegation said that the DPRK's agreement to resume talks July 1 reflects its intention to prevent cancellation of the meeting so as to receive more fertilizer. "The North may comply with the South's call for discussion on the reunion issue in the next session to receive the promised fertilizer," a source added. An ROK delegate said on condition of anonymity, "I have the impression that the North wants to have a cooling-off period until the sentiment among its residents against the South will ease to some extent." ROK observers said that the DPRK seems to be employing stalling tactics to announce an end to the talks after receiving the rest of fertilizer. "The North has nothing to lose because it already obtained 100,000 tons of fertilizer aid. It may use the South's suspension of more fertilizer aid as an excuse to abort the talks," said an analyst.

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3. DPRK-US Talks

The Korea Herald (Jun Kwan-woo, "U.S., NORTH KOREA MAY RESUME TALKS ON MISSILE NONPROLIFERATION IN JULY," Seoul, 06/28/99) reported that a senior official said on Sunday that the US and the DPRK will likely resume their suspended missile nonproliferation talks as early as next month. He said that Charles Kartman, US envoy for Korean affairs, proposed to resume the missile talks in mid-July during his meeting with DPRK Vice Foreign Minister Kim Gye-kwan in Beijing June 23-24. The official, who requested anonymity, stated, "Kim did not give the U.S. envoy a definite answer to the U.S. proposal. But the Pyongyang regime is expected to let the U.S. side know about the time and venue convenient to each side soon." Kartman, in Seoul on Saturday to brief ROK officials on his talks, met with Foreign Minister Hong Soon-young and Kwon Jong-rak, director general of the North American Affairs Bureau. "We will use the New York channel to get the remaining details," Kartman told reporters after briefing Hong and Kwon.

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4. Detained ROK Tourist

Joongang Ilbo (Shim Shang-bok, "MIN YOUNG-MI FINALLY FREED AFTER SIX-DAY DETENTION BY NK,") reported that ROK tourist Min Young-mi was freed from detention in the DPRK at 6:15 pm on June 25. She returned to Sokcho, Kangwon Province at 1:35 am June 26 by a speedboat arranged by Hyundai. On Thursday, the ROK government held another session of the ROK National Security Council to reconfirm its stance on the matter. The Council agreed to continue the fertilizer aid and other inter-Korean economic projects, including the Mt. Kumgang tour, only when the DPRK released Min. Kim Yoon-kyu, president of Hyundai Asan Corp., responsible for Hyundai's inter-Korean projects, was dispatched Wednesday to meet with officials from the DPRK's Asia-Pacific Peace Committee (KAPPC) in Beijing. Another Hyundai official, President Kim Choong-shik of Hyundai Merchant Marine Co., on Thursday talked with the DPRK about compensation for a maritime collision in March.

(Ahn Seok-bae, "MIN RECOVERING FROM ORDEAL," Seoul, 06/28/99) reported that Min Young-mi was recovering on Sunday at Joongang Medical Center, where she answered a joint investigation teams questions about the incident. The team was made up from officers of the ROK National Intelligence Service and officials from the Ministry of Unification. Dr. Kim Song-yoon said that Min had told investigators that all she said to a DPRK female guide was to ask a question about whether certain cosmetics were available in the DPRK as her skin did not look good.

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5. Mt. Kumgang Tours

The Korea Herald (Chon Shi-yong, "MT. KUMGANG TOURS LIKELY TO RESUME SOON," Seoul, 06/28/99) reported that ROK government and Hyundai sources said that the Mt. Kumgang tour is likely to resume as early as late this week as officials from Hyundai and the DPRK are in the final stages of discussions on the DPRK safety assurances for ROK tourists. The sources added that officials from Hyundai and the DPRK's Asia-Pacific Peace Committee are expected to seal their negotiations soon. Hyundai officials said that the DPRK has already promised that it would not detain more ROK visitors. "There will be more concrete discussions on that promise," said Kim Un-kyu, president of Hyundai Asan, the group's arm for inter-Korean business projects, upon his return from Beijing on Saturday. ROK Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil's aides said that Kim instructed officials to work out a joint mechanism by which the ROK and the DPRK could resolve cases like the detention of Min Young-mi. Officials said that the current agreement on the safety of tourists calls for Hyundai and the DPRK's Asia-Pacific Peace Committee to form a joint arbitration panel only 20 days after a dispute occurs. One government official each from the ROK and the DPRK is allowed on the six-member panel. ROK officials said they hope to remove, or at the least ease, the stipulation on the 20-day waiting period. They also said that the ROK government is pushing Hyundai to persuade the DPRK to drop a regulation that stipulates that the DPRK apply its own laws when ROK tourists commit acts against the DPRK. ROK officials said that the stipulation, the main element of contention between the two sides, is too vague and that the DPRK may abuse it.

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6. 50th Anniversary of Korean War

Joongang Ilbo (Bong Hwa-shik, "U.S. TO MARK 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF KOREAN WAR," Seoul, 06/27/99) reported that the US is preparing a major ceremony to mark the 50th anniversary of the Korean War, which falls on June 25, 2000. According to US sources, the US government is planning a number of large-scale events in conjunction with the White House, Pentagon, US Forces in the ROK, and several civil organizations to re-evaluate the war's significance and historical lessons, and address such issues as POWs and missing soldiers. Next June 25, the UN and the ROK government will jointly host, "The 50th Memorial Ceremony for the Korean War" in which 80,000 military members and their families will gather in Seoul's Olympic Stadium. The US administration will also support various ceremonies at actual battle locations to highlight the heavy toll that was paid during the war. A coalition of civil organizations, under the name of the US-ROK 2000 Foundation and containing more than 1,000 members, will play a major role in ceremonies both in the ROK and the US.

III. Nautilus Positions Available

The Nautilus Institute is seeking to strengthen its inter-disciplinary work in the area of energy and environment, with particular reference to China. With a current staff of twelve based in Berkeley, California, the Institute conducts research and education on global energy, environment, and security issues in a regional context. The Institute is seeking applications for the following two positions by July 30, 1999. The Nautilus Institute affirmatively rejects discrimination. Women and people of color are especially encouraged to apply.

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1. Manager, East Asia Energy Futures Program

The Nautilus Institute seeks a Program Manager for its East Asia Energy Futures program. The program currently consists of a portfolio of policy-oriented research projects focused on Northeast Asia. The aim of the program is to promote international security and sustainable energy planning and technology choices, including through cooperative engagement projects with North Korea; collaborative, futures-oriented efforts with partners in China, Korea, Japan and beyond; and proposals for innovative, market-oriented policy reform and instruments.

The successful candidate will direct a set of existing projects on the future of energy and environment issues in East Asia, and will further develop the Energy Program as part of the Institute's five-year strategy.

The applicant chosen for this position will likely possess the following attributes:

Graduate degree in energy-related technology, science and public policy

* Strong background in energy economics and international markets * Expertise, experience, and language skills related to East Asia, especially China * Management experience including supervision of staff, research, and teamwork * Proven fundraising and project design capacity * Excellent writing, with a strong publication record * Cross-disciplinary orientation and skills * Web and email literacy * Good communication and teamwork skills * Strong references


a. Implement East Asian Energy Futures projects at Nautilus Institute, including DPRK energy work, demonstration projects, China energy-environment research, and regional energy issues including environmental, technological, and economic (especially market) aspects in a global context b. Provide technical and analytical support to Nautilus Institute projects relating to China c. Conceptualize ongoing work focused on East Asia and China energy-environmental issues, develop funding proposals, and apply for funding d. Obtain and implement research contracts with international or local agencies on subjects related to these projects e. Develop partnerships and collaborative programs with other institutions, in Northeast Asia and elsewhere f. Supervise program staff, especially regarding modeling and analytic work, and participate in the management of Institute programs g. Conduct research, run workshops and training sessions, write reports and publications h. Present work and represent Nautilus Institute.

This position will require significant travel to Asia and elsewhere. Salary will be competitive (in the $50,000-$80,000 range), commensurate with skills and experience. Nautilus Institute offers an exceptional package of personnel benefits.

To apply for the position, provide a resume, two writing samples (a technical sample for a specialist readership, and a policy sample for a broader readership), and three references. We prefer to receive applications by electronic mail. Please email materials or any questions to:

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2. Researcher, East Asia Energy Futures Program

Apply by: July 30, 1999

The Researcher will conduct research and quantitative analysis on a range of energy and environment issues in East Asia to support the East Asian Energy Futures program at Nautilus Institute. The applicant selected for this position will likely have the following attributes:

* Graduate degree in energy and environmental issues, with regional specialization in East Asia, especially China * Strong quantitative skills (essential) * Excellent writing and editing skills * Strong computer and software skills, including databases, energy and environment modeling software, and GIS software * Demonstrated research skills * Experience in collaborative research and organizing scholarly events * Web and email literacy * Strong references


a. Establish an energy-environmental modeling software at Nautilus Institute; b. Maintain up-to-date quantitative databases for local, regional and global energy-environmental information for countries in East Asia-Pacific; c. Conduct research on energy markets, technology, and energy-related environmental issues in East Asia; d. Generate energy futures scenarios for countries in East Asian and for the region; e. Support research projects, workshops, training sessions, and writing activities of Nautilus Institute; f. Present work and represent Institute at events or on field trips.

Salary will be competitive (in the $40,000 range), commensurate with skills and experience. Nautilus Institute offers an exceptional package of personnel benefits.

To apply for the position, provide a resume, a technical writing sample, and three references. We prefer to receive applications by electronic mail. Please email materials or any questions to:

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Produced by the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development in partnership with:
International Policy Studies Institute Seoul, Republic of Korea
The Center for Global Communications, Tokyo, Japan
Center for American Studies,
Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Timothy L. Savage:
Berkeley, California, United States

Wade L. Huntley:
Berkeley, California, United States

Lee Dong-young:
Seoul, Republic of Korea

Hiroyasu Akutsu:
Tokyo, Japan

Peter Razvin:
Moscow, Russian Federation

Chunsi Wu:
Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Dingli Shen:
Shanghai, People's Republic of China

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