NAPSNet Special Reports
friday, feburary 7 2003

Special Reports

August 12, 2002

The following paper is by Dr. Tae-Hwan Kwak, Professor Emeritus at Eastern Kentucky University and former President of the Korea Institute for National Unification, and Dr. Seung-Ho Joo, Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Minnesota-Morris. The paper has three specific objectives: (1) to analyze ROK's engagement policy toward North Korea as a catalyst for North Korea's change; (2) to set up objective criteria for evaluating North Korea's change; and (3) to make policy recommendations for constructive inter-Korean relations.

Read: Changes of North Korea and the Future of Inter-Korean Relations

July 17, 2002

The annual report "on the current and future military strategy of the People's Republic of China was submitted by the Department of Defense on July 12, 2002 to the US Congress. It addresses the current and probably future course of military-technological development on the People's Liberation Army and the tenets and probable development of Chinese grand strategy, security strategy, and military strategy, and of the military organizations and operational concepts through the next 20 years." The report states that while the PRC "professes a preference for resolving the Taiwan issue peacefully, Beijing is also seeking credible military options. Should the PRC use force against Taiwan, its primary goal likely would be to compel a quick negotiated solution on terms favorable to Beijing.

Read: Annual Report on the Military Power of the People's Republic of China

July 8, 2002

Japan is a major donor of Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) to Pacific island nations, doubling its aid to the region between 1987 and 1995. By 1999, Japan was the largest bilateral aid donor to Tonga, Vanuatu, Samoa and the Solomon Islands, and the second largest donor to Fiji, Papua New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Palau, Nauru and Tuvalu. Since 1991, Japan has participated in OECD donor coordination meetings with Australia, New Zealand, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, the European Union, the United Nations, the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank, as OECD countries contributed over US$7.7 billion in aid to the region in 1995-9. In spite of this, only about two per cent of overall Japanese ODA - about $138 million a year - goes to the South Pacific, and there have been reports that aid to island countries will be reduced if current plans to slash the ODA budget are implemented.

Read: Turning the tide

June 13, 2002

The following article by Dr. Hiromichi Umebayashi, Founder and President of the Peace Depot, a non-profit organization for peace research and education in Japan, is related to the recent hot issue in Japan that the Defense Agency abused the one-year-old FOIA in Japan. The Defense Agency has compiled and circulated within the Agency a list of the name of information requesters with additional background data relating to their private thoughts and political stance. He argues the issue must be taken seriously as it indicates serious lack of sense of human rights and democratic system among government officials.

The article first appeared In the Asahi Shimbun on June 7, 2002.

Bureaucrats Lack Respect For Human Rights

May 24, 2002

The following essay is by Zulfiqar Ahmad, South Asia program officer for the Nautilus Institute for Security & Sustainable Development. Ahmad argues that a war between India and Pakistan will be to the advantage of religious fundamentalist groups on both sides of the border. He warns of nuclear dangers in South Asia and suggests that peace in the region will be impossible without a just resolution of the Kashmir dispute.

The article was also published in the May 24th issue of the San Francisco Chronicle as an op-ed. It can be found:

May 20, 2002

The following is the testimony by John Powell, Regional Director for Asia at the World Food Programme, before the Subcommittee on East Asia and the Pacific of the US House of Representatives International Relations Committee on May 2, 2002. Nautilus welcomes your comments on any issues related to food aid for the DPRK. Please send a message to Submissions will be considered for distribution only if they include the writer's name, affiliation, and explicit consent.

Testimony before the Subcommittee on East Asia and the Pacific House International Relations Committee

Read: Congressional Panel Presentation

May 13, 2002

The following text is a report by Dr. Hans Maretzki. Maretzk offers a comparative analysis regarding German and Korean unification problems. He argues that what both Koreas need is a basis for true detente. The author enumerates nine points, which he feels are negotiable and soluble from the different interest positions of the two Koreas. Dr. Maretzki is a retired professor and ambassador from the former GDR, living in Potsdam, Germany.

Read: " Korean Dilemma: Normalisation or Unification and Nothing"

May 7, 2002

The following text is a report contributed by Suh Dong-man on the state of DPRK Defectors and Inter-Korean Reconciliation. Suh was a professor at the Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security in South Korea. He is presently a professor at Sangji University.

Read: " North Korean Defectors and Inter-Korean Reconciliation and Cooperation"

April 30, 2002

A recent survey of Korea watchers in the United States finds broad support for engaging North Korea and an almost equally strong disapproval of the Bush Administration's approach to North Korea. Dong-a Ilbo, one of Korea's largest daily newspapers with a circulation of approximately two million, conducted a survey of America's Korea watchers from March 18 to March 29 on a full range of issues. A total of 72 individuals from America's leading universities, think thanks, the U.S. government, international financial institutions, and private sector participated in the survey. The survey is believed to be the largest of its kind ever conducted.

Peter Beck is the director of research and academic affairs at the Korea Economic Institute of America, a lecturer at Georgetown University and a columnist for Dong-a Ilbo.

Read: " America's Korea Watchers Assess Developments on the Korean Peninsula"

April 12, 2002

The following text is a complete transcription of US State Department Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research Carl W. Ford's speech, "Engaging North Korea." Ford defends the present Bush administration's policies toward North Korea and asserts that diplomatic engagement is in fact key in dealing with North Korea, but that it must be results, not process oriented.

This lecture was given at the Korea University Conference at Georgetown University in Washington Dc on December 21, 2001.

Read: "Engaging North Korea"

March 21, 2002

The following article was contributed by Thomas F. McCarthy. McCarthy has traveled frequently to the DPRK as an agricultural development consultant and has worked in Washington, most recently in cooperation with the Atlantic Council's 'Korea in Transition Program.' McCarthy argues that NGOs have no right to risk the consequences of Chinese or DPRK decisions to prevent people from receiving continued aid because of misdirected efforts to turn their plight into an international political issue. Instead, these groups could be more effective by supporting World Bank and IMF efforts at development assistance programs.

This article was written shortly after the February 2002 International Conference on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees."

Read: "China and North Korean "Refugees""

February 19, 2002

In preparation for U.S. President George W. Bush's imminent arrival in South Korea, the following analytical articles providing differing perspectives on and prescriptions for U.S.-North Korean relations have been posted:

This article was contributed by Stephan Haggard and Daniel Pinkston. Haggard and Pinkston critique President Bush's hardline approach toward North Korea and entangling the true "threat" that North Korea poses. They also outline five broad policy prescriptions that will facilitate President Bush's trip to North Korea and promote long term stability of U.S.-North Korea relations.

Read: "North Korea and the Axis of Evil"

This article was contributed by Dr. Haksoon Paik. In his essay, Paik describes the recent relations between the U.S. and North Korea as an "unfortunate upward spiral of threats and tension" that symbolizes the "lack of trust between the U.S. and North Korea." Paik argues that it is in fact the U.S. who should make the first cooperative move to help North Korea save face and bring them to the negotiating table.

Read: "What to Do with the Ominous Cloud over the Korean Peace Process?"

This article was contributed by Lee Hwal-woong. Lee's essay argues that the Bush administration's current policy approach toward North Korea is "diplomatically wayward, strategically unwise and historically immoral." Lee contends that the U.S., as the country responsible for the division of the Korean peninsula, has the moral responsibility to at least cooperate with the Korean people in their efforts to realize peace through national reconciliation.

Read: "Bush's Korea Policy in Peril"

February 13, 2002

The following reports were posted on the Center for Strategic and International Studies website on February 2, 2002. The entire report is entitled "The Global Nuclear Balance: A Quantitative and Arms Control Analysis." Excerpted below are parts V and VI, respectively entitled, "Chinese Force Trends" and "North Korean Force Trends." Each report is broken down into US Department of Defense estimates of PRC and DPRK actions and intentions involving nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons and CIA estimates of PRC and DPRK missile force trends. The PRC section also includes the 2001 US intelligence estimates of PRC arms modernization.

Go to: the PRC report
Go to the DPRK report

January 31, 2002

This article was contributed by Professor Victor D. Cha, Director of the American Alliances in Asia Project at Georgetown University. Cha warns that if President Bush's State of the Union address signals a move toward "benign neglect" of the DPRK, the US is inviting a new crisis in Northeast Asia. Engaging the DPRK, on the other hand, will help build a coalition to be able to punish the DPRK later if it engages in unacceptable behavior.

Go to report

January 11, 2002

The following report was released by the CIA. The report entitled "Foreign Missile Developments and the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States Through 2015," was prepared by the National Intelligence Council. It is an unclassified summary of the U.S. intelligence community's 1999 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on foreign countries' missile development programs. As such, it reveals important insights into official U.S. thinking about long-range missile threats.

Go to report

August 31, 2001

This article is a presentation by Thomas F. McCarthy, an independent consultant working on agricultural issues in the DPRK, to the Conference on North Korea in the World Economy, sponsored by the Korea-America Economic Association and The William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan Business School, held August 26-28, 2001. McCarthy discusses what will be required to successfully manage international development assistance to the DPRK.

Go to report

August 20, 2001

This article contains the press release and declaration from a recent conference on Korean Reconciliation and Reunification held in Seoul, ROK. The conference was organized by a coalition of ROK and international non-governmental organizations and included participants from Asia, Europe, the United States, and Australia.

Go to report

June 28, 2001

The following is a report written by Joel Wit, Guest Scholar of Foreign Policy Studies at The Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. Examining the agenda set forth by the Bush Administration's review of US policy toward North Korea, Wit forecasts a long and difficult road ahead. In the following essay, Wit explores how the Bush Administration's North Korean policy and its execution will affect the future of its relations with North and South Korea.

Go to report

June 26, 2001

The following is report of the Third International NGO Conference on Humanitarian Assistance to North Korea. The conference discussed new developments in humanitarian assistance to the North Korea since the inter-Korean summit, assistance in the fields of agriculture, forestry, food and medicine, cooperation among NGOs, UN agencies, Government and business, as well as an exploration of new roles and strategies for NGOs.

Go to report

June 12, 2001

The following is a transcript of US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs James A. Kelly's testimony before the Subcommittee on East Asia and the Pacific and the House Committee on International Relations on June 12, 2001. Kelly reported to the subcommittee on his May trip to the Asia Pacific region and the Bush administration's policy toward Japan, Indonesia, China, Taiwan, and North and South Korea.

Go to report

June 11, 2001

The following is a transcript of the briefing by US Secretary of State Colin Powell and ROK Foreign Minister Han Seung-Soo after their meeting in Washington, DC, on June 7, 2001. Powell's comments followed an announcement by US President George W. Bush on June 6 that he had decided to undertake "serious discussions" with North Korea on issues such as North Korea's nuclear activities and missile programs.

Go to report


Previous Reports

* Konishi on US-Japan Relations

* Jane Wales on NMD

* McLaughlin on North Korea

* Schurman on China

* Myths About KEDO

* UCLA Panel on China

* CFR Letter to Bush

* Modernizing the Agreed Framework

* Sokolski Response to KEDO

* KEDO letter to Sokolski

* Review of Vladimir Li Book

* PCIP Korea Task Force

* Sokolski Letter to KEDO

* DOD on TRA

* Noerper on Inter-Korean Thaw

* Feffer on DPRK

* PCIP Task Force on Korea

* Hall Visit to DPRK

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