Nautilus Institute Update Archive
updated friday, march 28, 2003

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March 28, 2003

    U.S. Department of Energy Supports Northeast Asian Energy Security Program

    The U.S. Department of Energy awarded a $283,000 grant to support Nautilus' Northeast Asian Energy Security program which includes regional training sessions in analytical software for long range energy planning. A workshop will take place in September 2003, and will include experts from the DPRK, ROK, Russia, China, Japan, and the United States.

    Nautilus Offers Diversity of Perspectives and Issues on North Korea

    Over the past two weeks, the Nautilus Institute's Policy Forum has published a variety of essays on North Korea on a number off issues including the use of human shields to prevent and protest war on the Korean peninsula by Kim Seung-kuk, Chairperson of the Solidarity of Korea Reunification Peace Committee, an assessment of the DPRK's missile capacity by David Wright, Co-Director and Senior Scientist for the Global Security Program at the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the US' Strategic Future in East Asia by Desaix Anderson, former Executive Director of KEDO.

    War Watch Provides New Angle to Coverage of US-Led War on Iraq

    In order to provide another perspective to US media coverage of the War on Iraq, Nautilus began publishing "War Watch" -- news and analysis to cover the war's impact in the Middle East and South Asia with sources from those regions. From Al-Ahram Weekly in Egypt to the Yemen Times in Yemen, War Watch will periodically highlight reports from the eyes and minds of West and South Asia.

    Pegasus Sails with South San Francisco Youth

     On March 27, 2003, 28 youth from Alta Loma Middle School followed up their classroom science lessons on the ocean with a voyage on the Pegasus. With partners, the Shorebird Nature Center and the Cal Sailing Club, the Pegasus Project provided a well-rounded day of sailing and discovery. Pegasus was captained by Peter Hayes and crewed by mate Tim McAnulty, George Carvalho, Patty Donald and Lea Prince.



March 21, 2003

    Ahmad and Hayes Argues U.S.-Iraq War Increases Insecurity
    Posted March 21, 2003

    A new essay entitled "Iraq: A Lost War?" by Zulfiqar Ahmad and Peter Hayes argue that the Bush administration's security strategy is likely to undermine United Sates' global power and increase domestic insecurity. The Nautilus Institute hopes that readers will join in a public discussion of the subject that we will be posting on our website.

    Congressional Research Service Cites Nautilus Energy Statistics for DPRK
    Posted March 21, 2003

    In its just released report to the US Congress, U.S. Assistance to North Korea, the Congressional Research Service cited Nautilus studies on DPRK energy and electricity use, and Nautilus estimates of the impact of cutting of heavy fuel oil by the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization last year on the DPRK.

    Hayes Attends CSCAP North Pacific Working Group Meeting
    Posted March 21, 2003

    Nautilus Director Peter Hayes attended a meeting of the North Pacific Working Group of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific on March 14, 2003. At this meeting, participants from the ROK and DPRK presented working papers which NAPSNet published both papers. The can be found here and here.

    Global Media Covers Nautilus Vietnam Release
    Posted March 21, 2003

    The Nautilus Institute's release of declassified 1966 Pentagon documents "Tactical Weapons in South East Asia" along with analysis was carried by many domestic and international media. Along with Peter Hayes and Nina Tannenwald's op-eds for the Los Angeles Times, stories were also written for the Washington Post, the San Francisco Chronicle, the Oakland Tribune, the Chicago Tribune, as well as interviews on KPFA's "Flashpoints" and NPR's "Weekend Edition."

    The original report, analysis, commentary, and other background information are available at:

    Nautilus Explores Partnerships with World Affairs Council
    Posted March 21, 2003

    Michael Lawrence, Deputy Director of Public Programs at the World Affairs Council of Northern California visited the Institute on March 18, 2003 to meet with the Nautilus team and explore possibilities for future collaboration.

March 14, 2003

    Implications of War on Iraq
    The Nautilus Institute will expand its news and analysis to cover the impact the U.S. war on Iraq will have on Northeast and South Asia. We will leverage our understanding of these areas to highlight news and analysis that are likely to be missed by the US media.
    . Iraq: A Lost War?
    Op/Ed by Zulfiqar Ahmad & Peter Hayes
    . War Watch
    News and Analysis about the Iraq War from Asia

    Nautilus Releases De-Classified Vietnam War Nuclear First-Use Study
    Posted March 14, 2003

    On March 9, 2003, the Nautilus Institute released the declassified 1966 Pentagon study "Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia" done by the JASON group. The report concluded that nuclear weapons in the Vietnam War would have been militarily ineffective, could lead to annihilation of US troops, and would be politically catastrophic. Peter Hayes and Nina Tannenwald analyzed the report in essays published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and the Los Angeles Times. On Monday, March 10, 2003, Senator Dianne Feinstein, D-CA, read parts of the declassified report into the Congressional Record.

    The original report, analysis, commentary, and other background information are available at:

    Hayes Argues DPRK Probes Carefully Calibrated
    Posted March 14, 2003

    On March 10, 2002, the San Francisco Chronicle cited Peter Hayes on the DPRK buzzing of US RC135 aircraft: "We're definitely seeing the same old North Korea. There's a kind of orchestration of events. That's the way Kim Jong Il thinks. There's a kind of careful calibration, a set of probes. They don't do these things by happenstance. Their nuclear threat is a battering ram on the White House door."

    Ahmad Analyzes Insurgents Then and Now
    Posted March 14, 2003

    A report entitled "Insurgents: Then and Now" by Zulfiqar Ahmad explores the usefulness and limits of historical lessons concerning insurgent groups in the context of the current U.S.-led "global war on terrorism." Ahmad compares and contrast goals, ideology, strategy and tactics, social base etc. of the Viet Cong with today's transnational networked insurgents. His aim is to provide a starting point for teasing out contemporary relevance of the recently declassified 1967 study "Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia" and explore the larger issue of the utility of nuclear weapons against today's insurgents.

    Nautilus Poses Point-Counterpoint of Tactical Nuclear Weapons
    Posted March 14, 2003

    The Nautilus Institute's Policy Forum posted point-counterpoint essays by Michael Levi, Director of the Strategic Security Project at the Federation of American Scientists and Willis Stanely, Director of Regional Studies at the National Institute for Public Policy on the relevance of the 1966 JASON report on the use of Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia. Levi argues that, no different from the Vietnam war, nuclear weapons today continue to have marginal military value. On the other hand, Stanely asserts that the US should not limit itself to Cold War nuclear force strategy for a post-Cold War world.

    Pegasus Sails with Twenty Six Oakland Youth
    Posted March 14, 2003

     With gusts of wind up to 30 miles per hour and choppy water conditions, 26 youths from the Monarch Academy in Oakland, along with their teacher, Andrea Main, had a wild ride aboard the Pegasus on Thursday, March 13, 2003. Prior to the sail, the youth spent time in the classroom preparing for the voyage by studying weather, water, and nautical exploration with the help and assistance of the Shorebird Nature Center and Cal Sailing Club. The voyage was led by volunteer Captain Paul Marbury and crewed by Tim McAnulty, Patty Donald, Peter Hayes and Lea Prince.

March 7, 2003

    Breaking News...
    Posted March 9, 2003

    Nuclear First-Use in Vietnam: Implications for the War on Iraq, North Korea, and Terror

    The Nautilus Institute released today a 59-page classified 1966 study for the Pentagon on using tactical nuclear weapons in the Vietnam War entitled "Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia." The release is accompanied by an essay in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. The Los Angeles Times has also published two op-eds, one by Peter Hayes & Nina Tannenwald and the other by Steven Weinberg, the winner of 1979 Nobel Prize for physics. The four original authors have added their comments to the study. Essays by Michael Levi and Willis Stanley explore the contemporary relevance of the study.

    For the full declassified document and related materials, including the electronic press kit, go: here.

    Nautilus Publishes U.S. Korea Policy Task Force Papers
    Posted March 7, 2003

    A blue-ribbon Task Force on U.S. Korea Policy has presented detailed recommendations for resolving the nuclear crisis with North Korea. The Nautilus Institute, as part of it's North Korea Special Reports, published a summary report on the Task Force by Chairman Selig S. Harrison entitled "Turning Point in Korea: New Dangers and New Opportunities for the United States." Nautilus also posted a Task Force paper by Bradley Babson entitled " Economic Cooperation On The Korean Peninsula."

    For more information on the U.S. Korea Policy Task Force:

    Nautilus Helps Media Get US-DPRK Issues Right
    Posted March 7, 2003

    February 27-03: The Boston Globe cited Peter Hayes: "North Korea is the first post-industrial country in the world where we see what happens when energy and electrical infrastructure collapse. The country's rapid decline has been remarkable; North Korea had the highest energy use per capita in Asia in 1989, although it was also the most wasteful. Today, it has one of the lowest.

    Peter said that the "energy shortage is also fueling malnutrition and hunger. With no electricity to pump water, a tremendous amount of labor is expended in food production and at harvest time. Agricultural waste is being burned for heat rather than being composted; topsoil is being eroded and crop production has declined. Sewage systems in cities have collapsed because they lack power, and without chlorine to clean drinking water, waste is mixing with the water supply, causing widespread dysentery.

    March 5, 2003: BBC Radio and Radio Australia interviewed Peter Hayes on the impact on North Korean threat perceptions of US deployment of strategic bombers to Guam in response to MIG

    March 6, 2003: MNSBC TV (South Korea) interviewed Peter Hayes for a documentary on the future of US Forces Korea.

    March 8, 2003: the Associated Press cited PFO author Alexander Mansourov, "I would argue that Kim Jong Il is engaged in a two-level game at home and abroad whereby his domestic considerations are as important to him, if not more, as the signals which he sends to and receives from the international community," Mansourov said in a commentary released by the Nautilus Institute, a Berkeley, Calif.-based research group.

    Nautilus Establishes Bay-Delta Area Oil Emission Database
    Posted March 7, 2003

    Nautilus Energy Program Officer Lea Prince alongside Nautilus Senior Associate David Von Hippel and the San Francisco Estuary Institute have begun compiling a detailed "end use" database of oil using and emitting equipment in the Bay-Delta Area. This database will enable Nautilus and key area stakeholders to establish a baseline estimate of oil emitting and oil combusting equipment that create the precursors to oil pollution of the Bay-Delta waterways. This project is made possible due to funding provided by the Rose Foundation.

    Pegasus Sails with Shorebird Nature Center Docents and Bay Area Teachers
    Posted March 7, 2003

     On Friday, February 28, 2003 under the command of volunteer captain Mark Caplin, Shorebird Nature Center staff and docents joined Pegasus crew for a sail on the bay. The docents will be accompanying Bay Area classes on Pegasus voyages throughout the spring in an effort to reinforce sailing, history and ecology lessons. On Saturday, March 1, 2003, Nautilus Institute Executive Director Peter Hayes served as captain for an excursion with Shorebird Nature Center teachers that are to lead the fieldtrips in the spring.

March 7, 2003

    Von Hippel and Hayes Push for DPRK Energy and Infrastructure Development
    Posted February 28, 2003

    The Nautilus Institute published two special reports on the development of the DPRK Energy Sector. "Regional Energy Infrastructure Proposals and the DPRK Energy Sector: Opportunities and Constraints" is by David Von Hippel and Peter Hayes and was presented at the Korea Economic Institute and the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy's workshop on Northeast Asian Energy Cooperation in Washington, DC on January 7, 2003. "The DPRK Energy Sector: Current Status and Options for the Future," also by Von Hippel and Hayes, provides background to the deliberations of the International Workshop on Upgrading and Integration of Energy Systems in the Korean Peninsula: Energy Scenarios for the DPRK, held in Como, Italy, September 19-21, 2002, which was hosted and organized by the Landau Network-Centro Volta in Italy and several partners.

    To read "Regional Energy Infrastructure Proposals and the DPRK Energy Sector: Opportunities and Constraints" go here.

    To read "The DPRK Energy Sector: Current Status and Options for the Future" go here.

    South China Morning Post Publishes DPRK Worst Case Scenario
    Posted February 28, 2003

    The South China Morning Post in Hong Kong published Peter Hayes' essay "Worst Case Scenario: Charging the Nuclear Red Line" on February 18, 2003. Peter argued that the DPRK would go nuclear unless the United States was open to dialogue.

    Zarsky Argues Global Competition for Investment Bad for Environment
    Posted February 28, 2003

     Nautilus Senior Associate Lyuba Zarsky in a her paper "Stuck in the Mud? Nation States, Globalization and the Environment" argues that intense global competition for investment puts a drag on local environmental standards and necessitates global norms for MNCs. Produced originally as a report to the OECD, the paper has now been published in the "Earthscan Reader on International Trade and Sustainable Development." Edited by Kevin Gallagher and Jacob Werksman, the Reader brings together key perspectives from the economic and legal realm.

    Farewell: Don Tull, Senior Finance Officer, Retires
    Posted February 28, 2003

    The Nautilus Institute would like to warmly wish Senior Finance Officer Don Tull farewell and thank him for his years of diligence and dedication. Don intends to continue pursuing his long time love and work in directing musical productions. Don leaves behind a legacy of creativity, insight, and integrity that will be dearly missed.

    Crew Trainings, Overnight Voyages completed
    Posted February 28, 2003

     On February 21, Captain Bill Proctor led a marina maneuvering orientation aboard Pegasus with emphasis on safe handling of the vessel while docking, undocking and motoring in the harbor. After the orientation, Proctor presented to the first of a two part lecture on weather to six Pegasus volunteers. On February 22, Captain Bill Proctor led a training for Pegasus crew focused on safety systems, safe winch handling, and person-overboard retrieval maneuvering. After completion of the crew training voyage, Captain Peter Hayes and crew Dan Edwards sailed to Clipper Cove for an overnight stay. En route, at the request of the Coast Guard, they retrieved a huge abandoned surfboard kite in mid-channel and delivered it to Clipper Cove marina for the owner to retrieve.

Feburary 28, 2002

    North Korea: From Death Star to Black Hole?
    Posted February 21, 2003

     In his videoconference appearance at the workshop North Korea and the US: Where Do We Go From Here Workshop held by the Center for International and Comparative Studies at Northwestern University, Nautilus' Director Peter Hayes said: "When mobilized, North Korea is a white-hot Death Star perched atop its subterranean cold granite bedrock.".

    "At least you can see a Death Star and approach it carefully," he noted. "But if the United States pushes hard enough, it will create a Black Hole in North Korea which is much more dangerous for the whole world."

    "The United States should engage the DPRK now, before they cross the nuclear red line," he argued.

    Ahmad Discusses Kashmir with Stanford Students
    Posted February 21, 2003

    In a two hour-long presentation and discussion with Stanford University students, South Asia Program Officer Zulfiqar Ahmad explored the issues involved in India-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir. He argued that some of the steps taken by the new government in Kashmir, including its 'healing touch' policy, have the potential of offering a way forward towards finding a resolution.

    Special Report on Plutonium Reprocessing
    Posted February 21, 2003

    To assist analysts understand the physical activity that might take place at the Yongbyon facility in North Korea, we are publishing two unclassified US official accounts of reprocessing technology.

    Go to this special report, click here.

    Media: Hayes Contrasts Train-Wreck vs Pragmatic Hardliners
    Posted February 21, 2003

    February 15, 2003: San Francisco Chronicle, Peter warned that groups involved in smuggling out North Korean refugees via China "are taking what appears to be a shortcut but in fact is not a shortcut but a dead end" because doing so may prompt North Korea and China to seal their borders, harming North Koreans inside both communist countries.

    February 15, 2003: Radio Australia' s Asia Pacific Program, Peter said that the DPRK's threat to pull out of the Korean Armistice is primarily a political maneuver aimed at excluding the UN Command from inter-Korean dialogue on cross-border trade and would not have any military.

    February 16, 2003: KQED San Francisco Forum , Peter argued that the United States should test North Korea's strategic intentions by entering into talks on ending its nuclear weapons program. He contrasted the "trainwreck hardline" in Washington that will let the DPRK go nuclear unless it is checked by the "countervailing pragmatist hardline" that aims to hold the DPRK accountable all the way to zero-nuclear weapons.

    St. Croix donates equipment to Pegasus Project:
    Posted February 21, 2003

    Stainless steel risers donated by St. Croix Marine Products, Inc. to The Pegasus Project will allow proper installation of removable davits aboard the vessel. The davits will support Pegasus' inflatable dinghy that is used to take youth on exploration journeys at various destinations. With the installation of these much anticipated davits, Pegasus' captain and crew will have the flexibility to offer a wider variety of learning experiences to bay area youth, including on-shore bay ecology in less explored areas and voyage discovery adventures.

Feburary 21, 2002

    Mansourov Argues for South Korean Protectorate
    Posted February 14, 2003

    Alexandre Y. Mansourov paper "Security Dilemma, War Trap, and the South Protectorate over the North" was published on the Nautilus Institute's North Korea Policy Forum. In it, Mansourov argues that a South Korean protectorate over the North Korean state, encompassing the areas of national security and foreign policy, could bring about peaceful resolution of the escalating nuclear crisis and guarantee peace and stability on the nuclear-free Korean peninsula. Peter Hayes, Nautilus Institute Executive Director, also published "Charging the Nuclear Red Line" in which he asserts that unless the Bush administration initiates talks directly with North Korea immediately, the United States will end up with a nuclear-armed North Korea, no military option to exercise, and a ruptured alliance with South Korea who will go-it-alone.

    For all essays, go to Policy Forum Online

    Hayes Says US Pressure Makes North Korea More Unyielding, Not Less
    Posted February 14, 2003

    Peter spoke via videoteleconference at The North Korean Crisis: A Humanitarian Perspective seminar held in New York at Asia Society on February 12, 2003. He told the audience: "By ramping up the internal and external pressure on North Korea, the Bush Administration is making it more intransigent and unyielding than ever, like a white-hot Death Star. American pressure may prove to be much for even North Korea to bear. Its Death Star may collapse into a Black Hole, with all the consequences of civil war, loose nukes, and possible escalation to war including use of weapons of mass destruction. This would be bad for US, Korean, regional and global security."

    Nautilus Pushes for Dialogue Now with DPRK in Mass Media
    Posted February 14, 2003

    February 11, 2003: To the Point, KCRW Radio, Los Angeles. Peter asserted that "unlike Saddam Hussein, becoming a nuclear-weapons state would be second prize for the North Koreans. In my view, they much prefer first prize--to trade in their nuclear weapons for a security relationship with the United States. This could include handing over their rolladex of terrorist contacts, and joining the war on terrorism."

    February 12, 2003: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's Commentary. Peter said of the Bush Administration and engaging North Korea: "If they don’t act immediately, the United States will end up with a nuclear-armed North Korea, no military option to exercise, and a ruptured alliance with South Korea that will go-it-alone."

    February 12, 2003: Radio CKNW’s Agenda, Vancouver, Canada. Peter said that it was important for allies and friends of the United States to exert maximum pressure on Washington to open dialogue now with North Korea, to head off its nuclear weapons program

    February 12, 2003: SBS Radio’s Worldview, Sydney, Australia. Peter said that countries like Australia have an important role in providing energy security to North Korea as part of a solution to the North Korean nuclear problem.

    February 14, 2003: WBEZ Public Radio, Chicago's Worldview. Peter reviewed the history of US declaratory policy on nuclear warfighting in the context of today's nuclear conflicts and the risk of nuclear war.

    Nautilus Welcomes ROK Millennium Democratic Party
    Posted February 14, 2003

     On February 7, 2003, Chung Sang-Ki, Deputy Director-General of the Asia-Pacific Affairs Bureau of the ROK Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, accompanied by Millennium Democratic Party Chief of Staffs, Yang Sun-Mo and Kim Chan-Ho, visited the Nautilus Institute. The guests were briefed on the recently concluded Next Steps workshop in Washington and given an update on Nautilus' Renewable Energy project work in DPRK. The range of possible actions South Korea can take to help diffuse the current standoff between the US and North Korea was also discussed during the visit.

    Pegasus Crew Learn Safe Winch Handling
    Posted February 14, 2003

     On a balmy sunny winter's day, Pegasus crew learned safe handling of the winches in a light northwesterly breeze over a flood tide.

    Aboard were trainees George Carvalho, Dan Edwards, and Suzanne Lofquist along with rated crew Captains Peter Hayes and Paul Marbury, Nancy Navarro, and Tom Jeramiason.

    New hands also took the helm and determined that the current set of course over the ground while reaching east along the Berkeley pier was 30 degrees relative to course steered. Also aboard were five passengers--two fathers and three of Pegasus' smallest crew, Benjie, Nathan and Nathaniel. Trainee crew worked the cockpit to move the passengers around the vessel under strict deck control as occurs on all Pegasus youth voyages.

Feburary 7, 2002

    Hayes Calls on US Congress To Push Direct Talks with North Korea
    Posted February 7, 2003

     In a talk at World Affairs Council on North Korea on February 3, 2003, Nautilus Director Peter Hayes called for members of the US Congress to push the Bush Administration to open direct talks with North Korea to resolve the nuclear issue. He explained the risk that the DPRK would obtain fissile material in the next few months on the one hand, and that the United States might strike North Korea's nuclear facilities on the other. He concluded that neither option is acceptable as the first outcome would mean nuclear non proliferation had failed in Korea and the second runs the risk of full-scale war in Korea.

    Park Proposes Global Disclosure Approach to Freedom of Information
    Posted February 7, 2003

    Thirty experts from US and Japanese non-governmental organizations, activist groups, media, and universities convened in Tokyo on February 1-2, 2003 for the "Freedom of Information: Its Importance for the East Asian Civil Society" symposium. It was co-sponsored by the International Peace Research Institute of Meijigakuin University (PRIME) and the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability. Nautilus Program officer Nancy Park proposed adoption of a Global Disclosure approach to requests for information that utilizes the recent spread of national disclosure laws to over forty countries. Other expert papers addressed the crucial international role Freedom of Information Acts could play in improving the decision-making process regarding nuclear and other vital policy issues.

    Nautilus Argues for International DPRK Energy Assistance
    Posted February 7, 2003

    On February 1, 2003, Nautilus Associates, Timothy Savage and David Von Hippel were cited in the Los Angeles Times regarding the North Korean energy situation. "I'm sure it has not gotten better, and in all probability it has gotten worse," said Von Hippel. Savage added, "This is not like rural Africa. North Korea was completely electrified. It is not like they were never part of the modern world. They were kicked out of the modern world." Savage and Von Hippel asserted that the international community should concentrate its efforts on repairing the DPRK's existing energy infrastructure, increasing DPRK energy efficiency and developing alternative energy sources.

    Pegasus Sails with East Bay Middle School Students
    Posted February 7, 2003

     Under the direction of volunteer captain Paul Marbury, Pegasus set sail on Thursday, February 6 with ten students and two counselors from the Berkeley Boosters. The Booster's group included students from East Bay's Longfellow and Willard Middle Schools, many of whom had never sailed on the bay before.

January 31, 2003

    Breaking News...
    Posted Feburary 3, 2003

    This paper, "Getting Back to Go: Re-establishing a Freeze on North Korea's Plutonium Fuel Cycle," by Jon B. Wolfstahl, Director, Non-Proliferation project at the Carnegie Endowement for International Peace, analyzes how North Korea could "unfreeze" its nuclear facilities at Yongbyon. The paper explains the operations that may be underway according to news that American spy satellites over North Korea have detected trucks moving fuel rods at the Yongybon nuclear facilities. These rods could be spent fuel from the storage pond en route to the reprocessing plant (or new fuel headed for the research reactor, or both). Whichever, the DPRK may be crossing a "red line" for the Bush Administration. It also outlines what would need to be done to "refreeze" these facilities. The paper was presented at the US-DPRK Next Steps Workshop in Washington DC on January 27, 2003, an event co-sponsored by Nautilus Institute and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

    Accompanying this paper is a visual PowerPoint presentation by the US Department of Energy on the spent fuel rods at Yongbyon that the North Koreans may be moving by truck. It provides the first published images of the actual rods and canning process that is now being undone by the DPRK. The Department worked with the DPRK to put these radioactive rods containing plutonium that can be used to make rods into sealed cans at Yongbyon.

    Experts Declare DPRK Nuclear Freeze Feasible
    Posted January 31, 2003

     Fifty experts from the US government and private organizations met in Washington on January 27 at the US-DPRK Next Steps Workshop co-sponsored by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability. Expert papers addressed the technical feasibility of monitoring and verifying a North Korean freeze of its uranium and plutonium fuel cycles. Other papers examined the DPRK's strategic intention with regard to nuclear weapons and the lessons learned from past field experience in cooperating with the DPRK to achieve a joint objective with the United States. Professor Chung-in Moon gave a keynote talk, while Congressman Curt Weldon spoke in the evening on his efforts to lead a bipartisan congressional delegation to the DPRK.

    Dialogue Now With DPRK Only Way Forward
    Posted January 31, 2003

     Peter Hayes appeared on PBS KMTP TV 32 in San Francisco in a special roundtable discussion of the Korean nuclear issue broadcast on January 27.


    MacArthur Grants $100,000 To Support US-DPRK Dialogue
    Posted January 31, 2003

    MacArthur Foundation awarded a $100,000 grant to support the Next Steps Workshop and related work to engage the DPRK in a cooperative solution to end the current nuclear standoff with the United States.

    Berkeley Boosters Staff Train Aboard Pegasus
    Posted January 31, 2003

    Six Berkeley Booster's staff including three Americorps members participated in a sail-training day aboard Pegasus on Monday, January 27. The training offered a hands-on experience and provided insight into how Pegasus’ crew works together to ensure safe sailing on youth voyages. The voyage was captained by Paul Marbury and crewed by five volunteers and the Pegasus Project program manager.

    Nautilus Welcomes Scott Thomas Bruce as New Office Manager
    Posted January 31, 2003

     Scott Thomas Bruce is the Office Manager for the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development. Scott joined Nautilus in mid-December, 2002. He was trained as a historian at both Queens University in Belfast, where he studied Anglo/Irish historiography, and at the University of California, Berkeley where he finished his B.A. Since the completion of his studies he has worked or performed research for the Berkeley Historical Society and the University of California Office of the President.

January 24, 2003

    Cheon Argues for Ad Hoc Multilateral Forum and Immediate DPRK Nuclear Freeze
    Posted January 24, 2003

    Seongwhun Cheon's paper "North Korea's Nuclear Problem: Political Implications and Inspection Formats" was published on the Nautilus Institute's North Korea Policy Forum. In it, Cheon outlines interim and final solutions to inspecting North Korea's uranium and plutonium programs. Other recent essays posted include Emily Landau's "US-North Korean Brinkmanship: Relevance To The Middle East?", Markku Heiskanen's "Eurasian Railways - Key To The Korean Deadlock?" and Gavan McCormack's "Putting Pressure on Rogues." The North Korea Policy Forum has published 30 essays since October 18, 2002.

    For all essays, go to Policy Forum Online

    Nautilus Keeps Mass Media On Track
    Posted January 24, 2003

    In addition to providing reference material to La Presse (Quebec), Wall Street Journal, and Bloomberg News, Nautilus researchers responded daily to mass media journalists trying to understand the North Korean nuclear crisis.

    January 10. The Associated Press cited Peter Hayes on the talks between former US Ambassador Bill Richardson with DPRK diplomats: "It's one of the great strengths of American democracy that you have this amazing diversity of players, so that when you get boxed into a corner you suddenly have another asset to draw on."

    January 11. On KCRW's (Los Angeles) nationally syndicated "To the Point" radio show Peter explained the origins of the DPRK nuclear proliferation threat. Also, in the San Francisco Chronicle, Peter suggested that "If they wait much longer, the U.S. will either deal with Iraq with the military and turn to North Korea, or the Iraq situation will resolve without military action and turn to North Korea. After Iraq, the U.S. will be better positioned to deal with the next rogue state North Korea would like to do a deal when it's still politically possible."

    January 13. Peter was cited in the San Jose Mercury News / Knight Ridder that KEDO's cutoff of oil to the DPRK "was unwise. It was imprudent. It felt good but it gave the North Koreans a rationale to escalate." On National Public Radio's "All Things Considered," he said that it is possible for the United States to enhance DPRK energy security without providing oil itself. "Probably the right way to do it is to organize others-especially Japan--to do the heavy lifting to substitute for the heavy fuel oil or liquid coal-about ½ a million tonnes a year. In other words, we can revert to the status quo ante, but not at United States' cost and not from anything that the United States would have to do."

    January 15. "Talk Back" host Bill Mazar on WVOX-WRTN (New Rochelle, New York) interviewed Peter on rising anti-Americanism in South Korea.

    January 18. Peter described the history of US nuclear weapons in Korea and the DPRK response on KCBX's "An Evening With" (San Luis Obispo, CA) and he stated in San Jose Mercury News that, "By wasting time, the Bush administration has created a far more difficult problem than they had in October."

    January 24. Peter was a guest on KGNU's "Connections" in Boulder, Colorado and discussed US nuclear policy and the DPRK nuclear threat.

    Pegasus Project Receives Four Donations
    Posted January 24, 2003

    Four in kind donations were received in support of the Pegasus Project, the Nautilus Institute’s local youth and environment program. This funding provides greater opportunity for local youth and youth-at-risk to experience the bay first hand. Donors include: Marin Peace & Justice Coalition, Alan & Ruth Barnett, and two individual donors that choose to remain anonymous.

    Pegasus Safety Officer Lectures on Hypothermia
    Posted January 24, 2003

     Pegasus Safety Officer, Mark Caplin lectured on hypothermia and sailing to a group of Pegasus volunteers on January 10. The presentation focused on prevention and treatment of hypothermia while on the water. The lecture was followed by an on-the-water Person Overboard review. Crew training continued on January 18 with nine crew aboard Pegasus under the leadership of Pegasus Training Captain Bill Proctor.

January 17, 2002

    McGoldrick Asserts North Korea Must Freeze Nuclear Capacity First
    Posted January 17, 2003

    The Nautilus Institute's North Korea Policy Forum continues its analysis of North Korea and the ongoing developments. Most recently, a report by Dr. Fred McGoldrick, formerly of the U.S. Mission to the International Atomic Energy Agency, was published that outlines concrete steps North Korea could take to verify and freeze its uranium enrichment operations. Nautilus Institute Executive Director Peter Hayes published a paper addressing the possibility of U.S. assistance in resolving North Korea's dire energy crisis in spite of the recent nuclear stand-off.

    To read McGoldrick's report, "The DPRK Enrichment Program: A Freeze and Beyond," click here.

    To read Hayes' essay, "DPRK Energy Security Without Rewarding Bad Behavior," click here.

    Ahmad Represents Nautilus at Inaugural Asian Social Forum
    Posted January 17, 2003

    During his visit to India and Pakistan, Nautilus' South Asia Program Officer Zulfiqar Ahmad attended the inaugural Asian Social Forum held at Hyderabad, India. At the forum, Zulfiqar participated in seminars on nuclear weapons, peace and security and peace education. The Forum was attended by over 14,000 people representing a wide breath of Non-Governmental Organizations from all over Asia.

    Nautilus Welcomes Nancy Park as New Program Officer
    Posted January 17, 2003

     Nancy Park is Program Officer for the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development. Nancy joined Nautilus in January 2003. She has held teaching positions at Harvard University, Vassar College, and Colorado School of Mines, and research positions at the University of California, Los Angeles and the Collège de France in Paris. Nancy is fluent in Mandarin Chinese and French, and conversational in Japanese. She remains active in her original profession and is a member of the Association of Asian Studies and the American Historical Association. She continues to write extensively on Chinese history, law, and government for academic journals in the United States, France, and China. Nancy received her undergraduate degree in Asian studies from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and a Ph.D. in History and East Asian Languages from Harvard University.

    Pegasus Sails with SF Chronicle Science Writers
    Posted January 17, 2003

     A team of SF Chronicle science writers, editors, and photographers sailed aboard Pegasus on Monday, January 13th in an effort to explore the bay from a new perspective. Naturalists Patty Donald from Shorebird Nature Center and Stephen Cochrane from Friends of the Estuary shared their expertise on bay ecology with the group. The journey included exploration of San Pablo Bay and investigation of plankton and salinity samples.

January 10, 2002

    Breaking News...
    Posted January 14, 2003

    On January 13, 2003, United States Assistant Secretary of State James Kelly stated, "Once we get beyond nuclear weapons, there may be opportunities with the U.S., with private investors, with other countries to help North Korea in the energy area." Nautilus Institute Executive Director Peter Hayes argues and outlines how the United States can feasibly offer much needed energy security to North Korea without necessarily offering financial support or having to wait for resolution of the current nuclear impasse.

    The essay entitled, "DPRK Energy Security Without Rewarding Bad Behavior," can be found: here.

    Posted January 10, 2003

    In response to North Korea's January 10, 2003 announcement of their intended withdrawal from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, the Nautilus Institute published a special report by Dr. Fred McGoldrick formerly of the U.S. Mission to the IAEA which identifies concrete steps that the DPRK could take to implement a freeze of its uranium enrichment activities.

    The report entitled, "The DPRK Enrichment Program: A Freeze and Beyond," can be found: here. An Op-Ed summary of the paper can be found: here.

    Hayes Outlines DPRK Energy Needs
    Posted January 10, 2003

     At the Policy Forum on Northeast Asian Energy Cooperation co-sponsored by the Korea Economic Institute and Korea Institute for International Economic Policy in Washington DC on January 7, 2003, Nautilus Director Peter Hayes outlined opportunities for meeting DPRK energy needs given the trend toward regional integration. Peter suggested that the key to resolving the current crisis lies in the Bush Administration resuming dialogue with the DPRK and lifting the US terrorism listing to enable international financial institutions to support the rehabilitation of DPRK energy systems in return for verifiable cessation and eventual dismantlement by the DPRK's of its weapons-related nuclear activities.

    Institute Calls for US-DPRK Dialogue in Media
    Posted January 10, 2003

    Peter Hayes hit the ground running in the New Year with interviews on CNN, KPFA, KPFK, and WBEZ radio programs.

    January 1, Peter said on CNN's Wolf Blitzer Reports that the Bush Administration needs to appoint a top-level policy coordinator to create a roadmap for the DPRK to freeze its nuclear program and a senior emissary to communicate this roadmap to North Korea.

    January 3, Peter outlined the conflicting policy currents in Washington that led to the current nuclear confrontation in the DPRK on KPFA's Morning Program.

    On January 5, KPFK's Background Briefing interviewed Peter on the politics swirling in Washington about US policy towards the DPRK versus Iraq. Peter suggested that the timing was coincidental and not intended by either the DPRK or the United States and, he argued, will push the Administration to resume dialogue with the DPRK earlier rather than later.

    On January 8, WBEZ radio program Worldview interviewed Peter on the history of US involvement and nuclear weapons in Korea. Peter suggested that the projection of nuclear threat against the DPRK informs the current nuclear proliferation threat by North Korea.

    Nautilus Welcomes Greg Coyle as New Finance Officer
    Posted January 10, 2003

     Greg Coyle joined The Nautilus Institute on December 9th as the new Finance Officer. He is replacing Don Tull, who will be retiring at the end of February. Greg brings 12 years of experience in corporate finance and accounting to the Finance department. He recently graduated with honors from the University of Phoenix in Pasadena, California with an M.B.A. in Technology Management, which compliments his B.B.A.'s in Accounting and Management from the University of Texas at Arlington. Additionally, Greg is an Anusara-style Hatha yoga teacher and teaches local community classes. Greg also enjoys sailing, which he began while in the Boy Scouts, and will be assisting the Pegasus crew for sailing trips with youth groups on the Bay.

    Richard & Rhoda Goldman Fund Awards Nautilus $10,000 in Surprise Grant.
    Posted January 10, 2003

    In late December of 2002, Nautilus Institute was pleased to be the recipient of an unexpected grant from the Richard & Rhoda Goldman Fund. The grant, in the amount of $10,000, was given for general support.

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