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updated Friday, April 2, 2004
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| Jan.-Mar. 2004 |
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March 26, 2004

    Wells Fargo Foundation Supports Pegasus Youth Voyages

    Wells Fargo Foundation awarded the Pegasus Project $1000 for general program support. This support from Wells Fargo will be allocated towards Project Lifeskills spring voyages for at risk youth attending Berkeley Schools. Pegasus Project Lifeskills is operated by the Nautilus Institute in partnership with Berkeley Boosters in the Berkeley Marina. nvironmental awareness and Lifeskills such as teamwork and self esteem are emphasized during dock trainings and sailing voyages on the Pegasus.

    DPRK Briefing Book Publishes CRS Report on DPRK Terrorism

    The DPRK Briefing Book posted several documents and analyses in its Terrorism policy area this week. The issue brief on Terrorism is a memorandum from the Congressional Research Service on the DPRK's inclusion on the United States Terrorism List. Essays analyzing the Proliferation Securities Initiative were also posted. They included Balbina Hwang's "Curtailing North Korea's Illicit Activities" and Benjamin Friedman's "The Proliferation Security Initiative: The Legal Challenge." The full Terrorism Policy Area can be found: here.

    New York Times Mentions Hayes on Russian Energy

    In James Brooke's March 23rd New York Times article "Let a Hundred Russian Kilowatts Bloom" Peter Hayes is cited: "Russia will not lift a finger to send a kilowatt south unless someone finances it," said Peter Hayes, director of the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability, a California-based research group specializing in Northeast Asia energy. "There is a substantial surplus of hydropower, but there is no financing at all at the moment. It is all conceptual."

    Pegasus Crew Chase the Sun on Volunteer Fun Sail

     On Sunday, March 21. Pegasus Volunteer Captain Paul Marbury led a crew of volunteers including Mark Caplin, Jim Pascucci and Rachael Blake on a voyage in San Francisco Bay. With shifting winds and patchy fog, the crew chased the sun on a tour around the Bay, while reinforcing crew skills necessary to maintain Pegasus high standard of safety. The Pegasus Project conducts volunteer sails in an effort to reward crew for hours of volunteer time on youth voyages and to introduce new volunteers to the project.

March 19, 2004

    Five Bridges Foundation Awards Pegasus Project $7500

    A general program support grant from Five Bridges Foundation will provide opportunity for Bay Area youth to sail with Pegasus during Spring 2004. The Pegasus Project is Nautilus Institute's youth and environment program. The project provides experiential outdoor education for local youth with an emphasis on building lifeskills and environmental awareness. Up to 300 youth passengers will participate in 15 youth voyages scheduled to take place in March, April and May.

    Hayes Chairs Regional Grid Panel in Seoul

    Nautilus Director Peter Hayes chaired the panel on electric grid connection at the International Energy Agency / Korea Energy Economics Institute joint conference on Northeast Asia Energy Security and Regional Cooperation in Seoul on March 17, 2004

    DPRK Publishes Policy Area Focusing on North Korean Transition

    The DPRK Briefing Book posted new analyses in its Transition policy area this week. "The Prospect of Economic Reform in North Korea" by Yukie Yoshikawa and a report prepared for Asian Studies on the Pacific Coast detailing the bilateral research collaboration between North Korea's Kim Chaek University of Technology and the United States' Syracuse University on Integrated Information Technology are now available: here.

    Pegasus Sails with East Bay Schools

     With sunny skies and steady light winds, Pegasus ventured into the San Francisco Bay with youth from two East Bay Schools to emphasize classroom study of the Bay and its natural and manmade environments. On Wednesday, March 17, Pegasus sailed with 24 students from East Bay Waldorf School. On Friday, March 19, 25 six graders from Berkeley's Willard Millard School joined Pegasus for a slightly windier voyage. Both sails were conducted in partnership with Shorebird Nature Center and the Cal Sailing Club.

March 12, 2004

    Five Bridges Foundation Awards Pegasus Project $7500

    A general program support grant from Five Bridges Foundation will provide opportunity for Bay Area youth to sail with Pegasus during Spring 2004. The Pegasus Project is Nautilus Institute's youth and environment program. The project provides experiential outdoor education for local youth with an emphasis on building lifeskills and environmental awareness. Up to 300 youth passengers will participate in 15 youth voyages scheduled to take place in March, April and May.

    DPRK Briefing Book Releases More Congressional Research Service Reports on DPRK

    The DPRK Briefing Book added two new policy areas: South Korea and Missiles, which both include reports from the Congressional Research Service (CRS). In the Missiles policy area, "North Korean Ballistic Missile Threat to United States" discusses the DPRK's ballistic missile development and technological missile-launch capabilities. Additionally, published in the South Korea policy area are an Issue Brief for Congress, "The Semiconductor Industry and South Korea's Hynix Corporation", "South Korea-U.S. Economic Relations: Cooperation, Friction, and Future Prospects," and a "South Korean Politics and Rising 'Anti-Americanism.' " Additional CRS reports on Japan and Terrorism will follow in the coming weeks.

    Nautilus Releases Study of American Nuclear Weapons Delivery Organizations in South Korea

    Until February of 1992, American nuclear weapons were based in South Korea. This document, "Weapons Support Detachment - Korea Nuclear Operations Standard Operation Procedures," released as part of the Global Disclosure project describes in detail the standard operating procedures of Weapons Support Detachment-Korea, the primary US military unit responsible for managing and delivering these weapons against North Korea. This document describes the detailed logistical and organizational preparation to fire nuclear weapons at North Korea in 1987--about the same time that North Korea geared up its own nuclear program--and suggests that their strategic motivation and threat perceptions might be grounded in real and profound perception of threat, not merely a bargaining strategy.

    Hayes Outlines Peacemaking Partnership Principles

    At the 2004 Global Philanthropy Forum Conference on Borderless Giving on March 4, 2004, Peter Hayes outlined lessons learned and obstacles to be overcoming in implementing partnerships for peacemaking in conflict zones such as North Korea. These include the use of multiple communication channels, the use of stringent performance standards, the necessity of long-term commitments and organizational stamina, and the problems of donor fatigue, cultural differences, and maintaining a moral compass when working in complex and protracted emergencies.

    Hayes Continues Media Presence on North Korea

    March 1, 2004, the Wall Street Journal cited Peter Hayes in "No Deal at North Korea Talks" on the aftermath of the six party talks on North Koreaís nuclear weapons program: "The Bush administration wants a process that it can point to" to defuse potential attacks from Democratic presidential candidates that Mr. Bush isn't doing enough to deal with the threat from Pyongyang, said Peter Hayes, executive director of the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development in Berkeley, California.

    Pegasus Sails into Spring with Two Youth Voyages

     On March 9 and 10, Pegasus kicked off a busy spring youth sailing season with two voyages. 23 students from a home schooling network and 14 students from Westmore Daly City High School joined Pegasus and partners Shorebird Nature Center and Cal Sailing Club for sails on San Francisco Bay. The voyages emphasized the natural vs. manmade environment, geography of the bay, and confidence building. With fair weather and light winds, smiles were abundant.

March 5, 2004

    DPRK Briefing Book Publishes Flurry of Reports Post-Six-Way Talks with North Korea

    As the six-way talks on North Korea's nuclear program concluded in Beijing, Nautilus' DPRK Briefing Book posted three new documents and analysis. "Korea: Long-term Decline in the North Korea Premium" is research from Barclay's Capital arguing that slow income growth in North Korea may in fact support political stability. Frank Januzzi and Keith Luse's status report on their recent visit to North Korea before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee was posted. Finally, official statements and press releases from North Korea, the United States, China, and Russia regarding the conclusion of the six-way talks were compiled and made available. They can be found: here.

    Nautilus Fields Media on North Korea

    February 28, 2004
    Reuters quoted Peter Hayes on the six party talks: "They (the Americans) haven't succeeded, but they haven't failed and they can always say that the process is under way."

    February 29, 2004
    Reuters quoted Peter Hayes on technical discussions of cooperation: "Doing that kind of work in the context of high-level, almost public negotiations is highly unrealistic. The risk and downside in all this is that it will gain some time, but North Korea probably will gain same nuclear weapons capacity along the way."

    February 29, 2004
    The Korea Times (Seoul) quoted Peter Hayes on the impact of North Korea on regional integration: "North Korea generates the uncertainty about economic and political futures in this region and physically blocks much potential growth in economic activity."

    March 1, 2004
    Global Beat highlighted the DPRK Briefing Book in its coverage of North Korea, saying: "The Nautilus Institute provides the most comprehensive interactive briefing book available on all aspects of the North Korean nuclear program."

    March 1, 2004
    Time Asia quoted Peter Hayes: "The longer we wait, the higher the price we have to pay to buy them out."

    March 2, 2004
    NPR's WBEZ Chicago Public Radio's Worldview interviewed Peter on results of the 6 party talks and what drives Bush's policy towards North Korea.

    March 2, 2004
    Radio Free Asia, interviewed Peter Hayes on South Korea's role at the 6 party talks on North Korea. Peter said that "South Korea's leadership in engaging the DPRK with constructive assistance stabilizes the Peninsula and the region as a whole and is highly desirable."

    March 3, 2004
    Global Security Newswire quoted Peter Hayes on the American "multilateral mantra" at the talks in which he described the US approach as "faux diplomacy" and said it cannot work.

    Hayes Calls For Bush to Act on North Korea at World Affairs Council

    At a public program sponsored by Contra Costa Region of the World Affairs Council on February 19, 2004, Peter Hayes outlined "Strategies for Solving the North Korean Nuclear Problem." Peter said, "President Bush needs to focus on North Korea and take the first steps necessary to engage them in any negotiating format-bilateral or multilateral. They are: Step 1: Establish a high-level North Korea policy czar with authority to act on behalf of the president, with direct access to him; Step 2: Declare a detailed US-DPRK roadmap of bilateral obligations."

    Pegasus Sail Prepares Teachers for Youth Voyages

     On February 28, Pegasus sailed with thirteen passengers including teachers from Bay Area Schools and docents from Berkeley's Shorebird Nature Center. This orientation sail was designed to prepare teachers for upcoming field trips with their classrooms. These youth voyages, in partnership with Shorebird Nature Center and Cal Sailing Club, teach bay area discovery, navigation and landmarks, basic sailing theory and practice, and environmental awareness, with emphasis on areas that the students have been studying in class.

February 27, 2004

    Hayes Calls For Constructive Engagement with North Korea

     As a commentator at the International Conference on A New Vision and Strategy under Changing Leadership in Northeast Asia, February 28, 2004, Seoul, Peter Hayes argued: "It is possible to shift from confrontation to cooperation in a relatively short period. The continuing standoff between Pyongyang and Washington are the result of bad political choices in both capitals. Allies and friends can move the politics of both antagonists towards constructive engagement." Peter's comments and the whole conference can be viewed in English and Korean on the conference website.

    Hayes Challenges the US "Multilateral Mantra"

    Leading up to the multilateral talks with North Korea that are set to take place this coming Wednesday, February 25 in Beijing, Peter Hayes published his essay "The Multilateral Mantra and North Korea" as part of the Multilateral Talks policy area of the DPRK Briefing Book. Hayes argues that presently the talks are being driven by the White House's domestic concerns. Meanwhile, North Korea will likely implement an "aimed-in-all-directions" independent nuclear deterrent strategy and obtain sufficient resources to stabilize a low-level economy that supports the leadership's lifestyle and the system's stability. Regional states will adjust to this reality and the world will become that much more insecure with another nuclear weapons state in a volatile conflict zone involving American forces.

    Hayes Cited on North Korea in New York Times

    On February 24th, Peter Hayes was cited in a New York Times article by Joseph Kahn entitled, "North Korean Candor to Be Central to New Nuclear Talks." Citing Hayes' recently published essay "Multilateral Mantra," the article reads "Peter Hayes, a North Korea specialist at the Nautilus Institute in Berkeley, Calif., wrote in a recent analysis that hard-liners led by Vice President Dick Cheney had prevented the American negotiating team from engaging fully, which he called 'self-induced diplomatic disablement.'"

    Briefing Book Analyses Launched at Start of the Multilateral Talks

    On the inaugural day of the six-way talks with North Korea, the DPRK Briefing Book published two pieces in the Multilateral Talks policy area on the prospects for the second round. In "The Six-Party Talks: Keeping Diplomacy Alive," Balbina Hwang of the Heritage Foundation concludes that "though a concrete solution is unlikely to emerge from this round of talks, the recent decision by Libya to give up its weapons programs shows that diplomacy can yield success." Cheong Wooksik, Representative of Civil Network for a Peaceful Korea, discusses the outcome of a US-ROk partnership in the multilateral talks in "Prospects for the Second Round of Six-Party Talks: The Role of South Korea."

    New Global Disclosure Release Analyzes Intelligence Failures

    The intelligence community is under attack today for providing inaccurate information and interpretation to the Bush Administration, especially in relation to the decision to attack Iraq. However, problematic intelligence is not new or unique to the Bush Administration. As this report "Political and Military Intervention Estimation: A Taxonometric Analysis" by Frank J. Stech, shows, the problems of intelligence analysis and portrayal are deeper than mere inept analysis or collection, or abuse or misuse by decision-making consumers of intelligence reports. Rather, the failures derive from deeper methodological and procedural problems inherent in intelligence analysis, especially in relation to motivations and intentions of adversaries.

    DPRK Briefing Book Releases Congressional Research Service Reports on DPRK

    The DPRK Briefing Book updates the Nuclear Weapons policy area to include a Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on "Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan," as well as more recent versions of two CRS reports on North Korea's nuclear program ("North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program" and "North Korean Nuclear Weapons: How soon an Arsenal?"). Additionally, published in the Terrorism policy area is the CRS report "Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy" and in the Military policy area, a CRS report entitled, "North Korean Crisis: Possible Military Options." Additional CRS reports on South Korea, Missiles, and Japan will follow in the coming weeks.

    Maintenance Complete, Pegasus Crew Prepare for Spring Youth Sails

    After a hiatus for maintenance and repairs, the Pegasus, the Nautilus Institute's sailing vessel used in a local youth and environment program, is ready to set sail again. On Friday, February 20, Pegasus volunteer crew tuned the vessel to ensure a season of safe voyages for Bay Area youth. The Pegasus' first scheduled program voyage is a Shorebird Nature Center teacher orientation. Teachers will join Pegasus for a pre-classroom trip sail in order to prepare their students for their upcoming voyages.

February 13, 2004

    Korea Foundation Awards Nautilus $30,000 to support Asian Energy Security Scenarios Workshop

    The Korea Foundation awarded the Nautilus Institute $30,000 to support the Asian Energy Security Scenarios Workshop planned for May 2004. The workshop is part of the Asian Energy Security research network which has enabled American, Chinese, Russian, North and South Korean, and Japanese analysts to build long-term collaborative relationships and to exchange views and data on energy security. Currently, the Asian Energy Security projectís network of collaborating energy modeling experts is the only such activity that includes energy experts from every country in the region.

    Hayes Challenges the US "Multilateral Mantra"

    Leading up to the multilateral talks with North Korea that are set to take place this coming Wednesday, February 25 in Beijing, Peter Hayes published his essay "The Multilateral Mantra and North Korea" as part of the Multilateral Talks policy area of the DPRK Briefing Book. Hayes argues that presently the talks are being driven by the White House's domestic concerns. Meanwhile, North Korea will likely implement an "aimed-in-all-directions" independent nuclear deterrent strategy and obtain sufficient resources to stabilize a low-level economy that supports the leadership's lifestyle and the system's stability. Regional states will adjust to this reality and the world will become that much more insecure with another nuclear weapons state in a volatile conflict zone involving American forces.

    Hayes Presents Five Solutions to North Korean Energy Needs

    As a member on a panel on North Korea's energy needs at the "Towards a Peaceful Resolution with North Korea" workshop held in Washington DC, Hayes outlined the five ways to increase North Korea's energy needs. These are to rehabilitate the grid and coal supply system, to reduce energy waste by end users, to increase rural and agricultural energy supply, and to provide technical assistance to develop energy sector planning and institutional reform needed to support energy markets in North Korea.

    Hayes Sheds light on Impact of Pakistan in NPR Interview on North Korea

    In a February 19, 2004 interview on NPR's Morning Edition centered on the pending six-way talks on North Korea's nuclear weapons program, Peter Hayes said: Pakistan's "Khan saying so loudly and clearly that he was involved in transferring technology and potential nuclear weapons design to North Korea makes it more difficult for the North Koreans to get up and say, without being ridiculed at the next round of talks, that they have not being pursuing enrichment."

    Maintenance Complete, Pegasus Crew Prepare for Spring Youth Sails

    After a hiatus for maintenance and repairs, the Pegasus, the Nautilus Institute's sailing vessel used in a local youth and environment program, is ready to set sail again. On Friday, February 20, Pegasus volunteer crew tuned the vessel to ensure a season of safe voyages for Bay Area youth. The Pegasus' first scheduled program voyage is a Shorebird Nature Center teacher orientation. Teachers will join Pegasus for a pre-classroom trip sail in order to prepare their students for their upcoming voyages.

February 13, 2004

    Hayes Offers Three Models for DPRK Security Assurance Package

    With the multilateral talks with North Korea less than two weeks away, Hayes published his essay "Enemy to Friend: Providing Security Assurances to North Korea" as part of the DPRK Briefing Book. Hayes argues that there are three fundamental models the United States can reference when negotiating security assurance with North Korea. However, what North Korea truly wants with the United States is to build a security relationship based on mutual respect between the leaderships and ends with US forces staying in Korea on a non-partisan basis to keep the other great powers at arms length from the Peninsula. Read the full essay: here.

    DPRK Briefing Book Increases Coverage of DPRK Six-Way Talks

    The DPRK Briefing Book published Nicholas Eberstadt's essay "La Grande Illusion, Korea Style," in which he argues that North Korea's deliberate diplomatic deception of Asian and American leaders amounts to "a shakedown formula for extracting protection money from abroad in return for promising to scrap the nuke program." Also, Lee Sigal's piece "The Six-Party Talks Can Succeed" was also published. Further analysis and reference can be found in the Multilateral Talks policy area.

    Pegasus Crew Meet in Preparation for Spring Youth Sailing Program

     On February 5, eighteen volunteer captains and crew for the Pegasus Project convened for a project planning meeting. Goals set for Spring 2004 include an emphasis on training new crew and captains and fulfilling as many as 16 youth sails. Project Partners that will sail with Pegasus this spring include Shorebird Nature Center, the Berkeley Boosters and Alisa Ann Ruch Burn Foundation. To view the Pegasus Project calendar click here.

February 6, 2004

    Nautilus Responds to DPRK Multilateral Talks Announcement

    North Korea agreed to resume six-nation talks regarding their nuclear program. The NAPSnet Daily Report is covering the emerging news on this development. The Nautilus Virtual DPRK Briefing Book is also continuing to provide recent analysis and references on the Multilateral Talks. Most recently, "Requisites for Resolving the Nuclear Issue" by Deputy Director General of the North Korean Ministry for Foreign Affairs, was posted. You can read it: here.

    Hayes Talks about Nautilus, North Korea, and Life

    Peter was interviewed by Harry Kreisler of the Institute of International Studies for UC Berkeley's Conversation with History. When asked what are the key skills required for doing political activism as an NGO, Peter responded, "The first operating rule is to be fearless. That means intellectually fearless as well as politically fearless. It means asking the really hard questions and not accepting glib answers, and not accepting "no" for an answer. You keep on asking questions until you find the pathway to a solution." The full transcript can be found: here. To watch the video, click: here.

    Pegasus Undergoes Yearly Maintenance and Repair

     On February 5, eighteen volunteer captains and crew for the Pegasus Project convened for a project planning meeting. Goals set for Spring 2004 include an emphasis on training new crew and captains and fulfilling as many as 16 youth sails. Project Partners that will sail with Pegasus this spring include Shorebird Nature Center, the Berkeley Boosters and Alisa Ann Ruch Burn Foundation. To view the Pegasus Project calendar click here.

January 30, 2004

    Nautilus Highlights Siegfried Hecker's Report on North Korea before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Testimony

    As part of the Nuclear Weapons policy area of the Virtual DPRK Briefing Book, Nautilus posted Senior Fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory Siegfried Hecker's recent report on "Visit to the Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center in North Korea." Hecker details his technical observations of his visit to the Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center and confirms the removal of the 8,000 spent fuel rods from the site. Read the entire report: here.

    New Global Disclosure Release Reveals Potential For Cooperative Energy Development in Siberia

    This case study on "Siberian Energy for Japan and the United States (1972-1973)" was released to the Nautilus Institute's Global Disclosure Project under the US Freedom of Information Act. Written by Raymond J. Albright during the energy crisis of the 1970s, this document analyzed the possibilities of conflict and cooperation between the United States and Japan to obtain access to energy sources in then Soviet Siberia. Albright examines collaborative development and exploration projects between nations, the difficulties that must be overcome on the part of companies and governments to make these projects successful, and their benefit to the participating countries involved in the partnership. Many of his lessons remain salient today and explain the slow pace of Siberian energy export.

    Pegasus Undergoes Yearly Maintenance and Repair

     The Berkeley Marine Center has been home to Nautilus Institute's Pegasus vessel, as she undergoes yearly maintenance and repair. Pegasus is a 51 Alden Ketch sailboat that Nautilus uses as a tool to teach Lifeskills and sustainable practices to Bay Area youth and youth at risk. To provide the safest on-the-water experience possible for youth, shipwrights, welders, and mechanics have been working aboard Pegasus to repair worn areas, tune the engine, and refinish the bottom. Pegasus will be back in the water in time for the February 28 Shorebird Nature Center teacher training sail.

January 23, 2004

    Hayes Discusses US-DPRK "Beef" on PBS

    Peter Hayes, along with former CIA director James Woolsey, were interviewed by Peter Robinson for the PBS show Uncommon Knowledge on the topic of North Korea, nuclear weapons, and US Diplomacy. According to Hayes, "I think what is crucial... is unleashing the precision guided markets and the precision guided non-governmental organizations that will transform North Korea inside out, rather than putting pressure on it, which simply solidifies it into the black hole where it already is." Watch the video: here, or read the transcript: here.

    Pritchard Reports on North Korea Deadlock

    As part of Nautilus Institute's DPRK Briefing Book, the full transcript of former Ambassador Charles Pritchard's briefing on his recent visit to North Korea and the Yongbyon nuclear facility was published. The event was sponsored by the Brookings Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies (CNAPS) and Asia Society Washington Center. To read the full transcript, click: here.

    Wiskemann Family Foundation Contributes to Pegasus Project

    The Pegasus Project received a contribution of $5000 from the Wiskemann Family Foundation for general project support. The Pegasus Project is Nautilus Institute's local youth and environment program. Through an experiential curriculum, local youth sail aboard Pegasus, a 51' ketch sailboat, and learn Lifeskills and environmental awareness. To read the Pegasus Project 2003 Year End Report, click here.

January 9, 2004

    Hayes Describes 'Seven Steps to Solve the North Korean Nuclear Problem' ahead of DPRK Multilateral Talks

    In an essay entitled, "Seven Steps to Solve the North Korean Nuclear Problem," Peter Hayes details seven steps to developing an alternate strategy for the Korean peninsula, as the Bush administration's current strategy risks failure. He concludes that "unlike Iraq under Hussein, North Korea seeks a security relationship with the United States. It seeks to become part of the status quo. It would like to become a small power that is militarily strong with nuclear weapons, and to have a modern economy. By simply playing our cards right, we can force it to choose an economy over nuclear weapons, and thereby stabilize the Korean Peninsula and repair the gaping hole in the fabric of the NPT made by North Korea's pullout." Nautilus published Hayes' essay as part of the Multilateral Talks policy area of the DPRK Briefing Book, with regard to the impending talks on North Korea's nuclear program.


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